John Birkett

John Birkett (1815 – 1904) was an English general surgeon.

General surgeon and specialist in breast diseases, including breast cancer, as well as being an early advocate of histology


  • Born 14 April 1815, Upper Clapton, Middlesex, England
  • 1837 – MRCS
  • 1844 – FRCS
  • Died 1904 6 July 1904, London, England

Medical Eponyms

  • Birkett forceps; Birkett artery forceps; Birkett haemostatic forceps
  • Birkett hernia: inguinal hernia where the sac extends into the anterior or inferior wall [aka Synovial hernia]
  • Pipkin femoral head fracture – first described by Birkett in 1869

Key Medical Attributions


Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.