John Birkett

John Birkett (1815 – 1904) was an English general surgeon.

General surgeon and specialist in breast diseases, including breast cancer, as well as being an early advocate of histology


  • Born 14 April 1815, Upper Clapton, Middlesex, England
  • 1837 – MRCS
  • 1844 – FRCS
  • Died 1904 6 July 1904, London, England

Medical Eponyms

  • Birkett forceps; Birkett artery forceps; Birkett haemostatic forceps
  • Birkett hernia: inguinal hernia where the sac extends into the anterior or inferior wall [aka Synovial hernia]
  • Pipkin femoral head fracture – first described by Birkett in 1869

Key Medical Attributions


Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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