Lotte Strauss (1913–1985) was a German born, American practicing pathologist.

Strauss was a pioneer in paediatric and perinatal pathology and one of the co-founders of the Society for Pediatric Pathology (1965)

Key areas of interest included ultra structure of the placenta in different foetal disease conditions; intrauterine infections; and vascular diseases. Strauss made valuable contributions to the area of fetal development pathology.

Eponymously remembered for describing Churg-Strauss Syndrome (CSS) in 1951 with Jacob Churg (1910–2005). Now known as Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA)

  • Born 15 April 1913 Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1930 – Commenced medical studies in Germany and completed in Sienna, Italy in 1937
  • 1938 – Emigrated to America. Research assistant in bacteriology at the Beth Israel Hospital, New York
  • 1940 – Studied with Sydney Farber (1903-1973) a well-known pediatric pathologist, at Children’s Hospital in Boston
  • 1941 – Pathologist, The Mount Sinai Hospital under Dr. Paul Klemperer
  • 1953 – First pediatric pathologist, The Mount Sinai Hospital
  • 1966 – Professor of pathology, The Mount Sinai Hospital and one of the founding faculty at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine
  • 1971 – Special Consultant in Perinatal Pathology to the National Institute of Health.
  • 1983 – Received the Jacobi Medallion, Mount Sinai Alumni
  • Died 4 July 1985

Medical Eponyms
Churg–Strauss syndrome (1951)

Now known as Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). EGPA is eosinophil-rich, necrotizing granulomatous inflammation often involving the respiratory tract; with necrotizing vasculitis predominantly affecting small to medium vessels; and associated with asthma and eosinophilia

Other eponyms

  • Lotte Strauss Prize (1986 – ) recognizes the meritorious work by an individual 40 years of age or younger in a subject germane to pediatric pathology

Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

Graduated from Southampton Medical School in 2017 with BMBS. Working in Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital Emergency Department in Perth, Australia.

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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