Lotte Strauss

Lotte Strauss (1913–1985)

Lotte Strauss (1913–1985) was a German born, American practicing pathologist.

Strauss was a pioneer in paediatric and perinatal pathology and one of the co-founders of the Society for Pediatric Pathology (1965)

Key areas of interest included ultra structure of the placenta in different foetal disease conditions; intrauterine infections; and vascular diseases. Strauss made valuable contributions to the area of fetal development pathology.

Eponymously remembered for describing Churg-Strauss Syndrome (CSS) in 1951 with Jacob Churg (1910–2005). Now known as Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA)

  • Born 15 April 1913 Nuremberg, Germany
  • 1930 – Commenced medical studies in Germany and completed in Sienna, Italy in 1937
  • 1938 – Emigrated to America. Research assistant in bacteriology at the Beth Israel Hospital, New York
  • 1940 – Studied with Sydney Farber (1903-1973) a well-known pediatric pathologist, at Children’s Hospital in Boston
  • 1941 – Pathologist, The Mount Sinai Hospital under Dr. Paul Klemperer
  • 1953 – First pediatric pathologist, The Mount Sinai Hospital
  • 1966 – Professor of pathology, The Mount Sinai Hospital and one of the founding faculty at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine
  • 1971 – Special Consultant in Perinatal Pathology to the National Institute of Health.
  • 1983 – Received the Jacobi Medallion, Mount Sinai Alumni
  • Died 4 July 1985

Medical Eponyms
Churg–Strauss syndrome (1951)

Now known as Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). EGPA is eosinophil-rich, necrotizing granulomatous inflammation often involving the respiratory tract; with necrotizing vasculitis predominantly affecting small to medium vessels; and associated with asthma and eosinophilia

Other eponyms

  • Lotte Strauss Prize (1986 – ) recognizes the meritorious work by an individual 40 years of age or younger in a subject germane to pediatric pathology

Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

British doctor (BMBS) working in Emergency Medicine in Perth, Australia. I am currently figuring out what to specialise in and making the most of what WA has to offer.

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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