Infection causing MODS, capillary leak and hypoperfusion
Toxicology screen (ingestion)
weight = age + 4 x 2
need sinus rhythm
need to warm
A – airway (resus before induction and watch haemodynamics – fentanyl/ketamine) & antibiotics B – FiO2 1.0 C – fluid boluses 20mL/kg -> once 60mL/kg give blood products, inotropes (dopamine, noradrenaline, adrenaline), albumin 4% D – hypoglycaemia -> 10-20% glucose
NaHCO3 (full correction = weight (kg) x 0.3 x BE) -> give half and then repeat ABG
Cefotaxime 50mg/kg IV Q6hrly (children), Ampicillin + Gentamicin (neonates) – consider vancomycin if concerned about resistant pneumococcus.
Contact nearest regional centre
If meningitis with raised ICP -> normocapnia, head up, mannitol 0.5g/kg, dexamethasone 0.15mg/kg, CT Head
After finishing his medical degree at the University of Auckland, he continued post-graduate training in New Zealand as well as Australia’s Northern Territory, Perth and Melbourne. He has completed fellowship training in both intensive care medicine and emergency medicine, as well as post-graduate training in biochemistry, clinical toxicology, clinical epidemiology, and health professional education.
He is actively involved in in using translational simulation to improve patient care and the design of processes and systems at Alfred Health. He coordinates the Alfred ICU’s education and simulation programmes and runs the unit’s education website, INTENSIVE. He created the ‘Critically Ill Airway’ course and teaches on numerous courses around the world. He is one of the founders of the FOAM movement (Free Open-Access Medical education) and is co-creator of litfl.com, the RAGE podcast, the Resuscitology course, and the SMACC conference.
His one great achievement is being the father of two amazing children.