André Strohl (1887 -1977) was a French physician and physicist.
Wide variety of interests and disciplines including neurology, radiology and physiology. Strohl published a number of books and papers relating to medical physics, electrophysiology, respiratory function and reflexes.
While an accomplished physician in his own right, Strohl is often remembered as the controversially omitted third author behind Guillain and Barré and the acute paralytic neuropathy known as Guillain – Barré syndrome described in 1916.
- Born 20 March 1887 in Poitiers, France to parents from Alsace (an area previously governed by Germany and France alternatively during a series of wars)
- 1913 – Bachelors degree in natural science, physical science and finally a medical degree, University of Paris
- Served as a radiologist during World War I where he met Guillain and Barré
- 1922-1925 Professor of Physiological Medicine in Algiers
- 1926 – Professor of Physiological Medicine, University of Paris
- 1957 – Retired
- Died 10 March 1977
Guillain – Barré syndrome (1916)
[*aka Landry palsy; Landry-Guillain–Barré–Strohl syndrome]
Guillain-Barré syndrome is the most common and severe acute inflammatory paralytic neuropathy. The classical description of GBS involves rapidly progressive bilateral weakness, usually starting in the distal lower extremities and ascending proximally.
Despite being an original author on the seminal paper and contributing electrophysiological findings to demonstrate areflexia and altered nerve conduction, Strohl was omitted from further eponymous mentions of Guillain-Barré syndrome. No clear explanation of this omission has been identified, however a number of theories continue to circulate.
- Guillain and Barré published many articles throughout 1920 which did not include Strohl
- Strohl was a relatively newly graduated doctor at the time of the first publication, having only qualified 3 years before
- Strohl was not purely a neurologist by profession (including physiology and radiology), and it may have been felt that including his name reduced its standing amongst colleagues
- Strohl was the child of parents from Alsace
- Strohl A. Les reflexes d’automatisme medullaire: le phenomene des raccourcisseurs. 1913
- Guillain G, Barré JA, Strohl A. Le réflexe médico-plantaire: Étude de ses caracteres graphiques et de son temps perdu. Bulletins et mémoires de la Société médicale des hôpitaux de Paris, 1916; 40: 1459-1462. [Ann Med Interne. 1999;150(1):24-32.]
- Guillain G, Barré JA, Strohl A. Sur un syndrome de radiculo-névrite avec hyperalbuminose du liquide céphalo-rachidien sans réaction cellulaire. Remarques sur les caractères cliniques et graphiques des réflexes tendineux. Bulletins et mémoires de la Société médicale des hôpitaux de Paris, 1916; 40: 1462-1470 [Guillain–Barré syndrome]
- Le Professeur Strohl. Paris médical 1926: 327
- Le Professeur Strohl. Chanteclair. 1928: 457
- Green D. Infectious polyneuritis and Professor Andre Strohl–a historical note. N Engl J Med. 1962 Oct 18;267:821-2.
- Desgrez H. André Strohl (1887-1977). Bulletin de l’Académie nationale de médecine. 1977; 161(8): 563-571
the person behind the name
Associate Professor Curtin Medical School, Curtin University. Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital. Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |