Atrial Natriuretic Peptide


  • isolated from the right atrium
  • 28 aa peptide
  • potent diuretic/natriuretic effect on kidney + vasodilator effects on resistance & capacitance of blood vessels
  • released in response to atrial stretching (ie. fluid overload)


  • vasodilation of afferent > efferent arterioles -> increased GFR
  • increased urinary Na+ & H2O excretion
  • relaxation of vascular smooth muscle -> vasodilation
  • inhibition of plasma renin activity
  • inhibition of aldosterone release
  • inhibition of ADH secretion by post-pituitary

References and Links

  • Witthaut R. Science review: natriuretic peptides in critical illness. Crit Care. 2004 Oct;8(5):342-9. Epub 2004 Jun 17. PMCID: PMC1065010.

CCC 700 6

Critical Care


Chris is an Intensivist and ECMO specialist at the Alfred ICU in Melbourne. He is also a Clinical Adjunct Associate Professor at Monash University. He is a co-founder of the Australia and New Zealand Clinician Educator Network (ANZCEN) and is the Lead for the ANZCEN Clinician Educator Incubator programme. He is on the Board of Directors for the Intensive Care Foundation and is a First Part Examiner for the College of Intensive Care Medicine. He is an internationally recognised Clinician Educator with a passion for helping clinicians learn and for improving the clinical performance of individuals and collectives.

After finishing his medical degree at the University of Auckland, he continued post-graduate training in New Zealand as well as Australia’s Northern Territory, Perth and Melbourne. He has completed fellowship training in both intensive care medicine and emergency medicine, as well as post-graduate training in biochemistry, clinical toxicology, clinical epidemiology, and health professional education.

He is actively involved in in using translational simulation to improve patient care and the design of processes and systems at Alfred Health. He coordinates the Alfred ICU’s education and simulation programmes and runs the unit’s education website, INTENSIVE.  He created the ‘Critically Ill Airway’ course and teaches on numerous courses around the world. He is one of the founders of the FOAM movement (Free Open-Access Medical education) and is co-creator of litfl.com, the RAGE podcast, the Resuscitology course, and the SMACC conference.

His one great achievement is being the father of three amazing children.

On Twitter, he is @precordialthump.

| INTENSIVE | RAGE | Resuscitology | SMACC

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