Chronological review of the clinical signs aortic regurgitation / insufficiency. 31 eponyms proposed by Ashrafian (2005) and Zacek (2018)
A 79 year old female with a history of atrial fibrillation and hypertension presents with increasing dyspnea. Interpret the evolving CXR's
Elena B. Sgarbossa is a cardiologist, medical writer and translator. Eponymously affiliated with Sgarbossa criteria with LBBB in AMI
Alfred Lewis Galabin (1843-1913) English obstetric physician. Using an apexcardiogram he was documented atrioventricular (AV) block in humans.
William Ewart (1848 - 1929) was an English physician. Ewart signs of pericardial effusion (1896) and his twelve signs of pericardial effusion
Guy Fontaine (1936 - 2018) defined arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia; coin the term 'epsilon wave' for the late QRS 'wiggle' seen in 30% of patients; and describe bipolar lead placements to best visualise the characteristic waves (Fontaine leads; F-ECG)
Eponymythology associated with chest X-ray signs in pulmonary embolus and pulmonary infarction. We review related eponyms, the person behind their origin, their relevance today, and modern terminology
Sgarbossa's rule, proposed for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction in the presence of left bundle branch block. Sgarbossa Criteria can be used to assist in determining which patients with LBBB are having an AMI.
Walter Holbrook Gaskell (1847-1914) was a British physiologist central to our current understanding of cardiac physiology
Pierre Barrère (1690 - 1755) was a French physician and naturalist. He published works in medicine, presenting cadaveric dissections and detailed descriptions of pathologies such as pericardial effusion
John J Osborn (1917 – 2014) was an American intensivist, pediatrician and inventor. Eponym: 'current of injury' Osborn wave - 1953
Arthur Ernest Sansom (1838 - 1907) was an English physician and anaesthetist.