Category Endocrinology
eponymythology diffuse toxic goitre 340 2

Diffuse Toxic Goitre

The problem of nomenclature of diffuse toxic goitre (Parry, Graves or Basedow disease) remains an unsettled one. So lets review the chronological history of eponymous aetiology for toxic goitre/exophthalmic goitre

Samuel Refetoff

Samuel Refetoff (1937 – ) Bulgarian born, Canadian qualified, American practicing endocrinologist describing Thyroid hormone resistance (TRH) in 1967
eponym LITFL 340

Hakaru Hashimoto

Hakaru Hashimoto 橋本 策 (1881 - 1934) was a Japanese medical practitioner. Hashimoto thyroiditis 1912
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Hypokalaemic Periodic Paralysis

Hypokalaemic Periodic Paralysis; rare channelopathy; muscle weakness/paralysis with a matching fall in K+ levels; starts in adolescence; weakness may be mild -> full body paralysis
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Carcinoid Syndrome

Carcinoid tumors are neuroendocrine malignancies typically located in the GI tract; most commonly in the terminal ilium and appendix.
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus resulting from the consequences of insulin deficiency
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Thyroid Storm

Thyroid Storm: life threatening exacerbation of hyperthyroid state with 1 or more organ dysfunction
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Alcoholic Ketoacidosis

Alcoholic Ketoacidosis: rare; small proportion of chronic ethanol abusers; relatively benign if patients given IV dextrose and fluids; unclear aetiology
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Stress Induced Hyperglycaemia

Stress Induced Hyperglycaemia (SIH) is transient hyperglycaemia associated with acute illness resolves with resolution of the underlying critical illness