External Ventricular Drain (EVD): ICP monitor than allows CSF drainage; measurement and treatment of raised ICP
Base of Skull Fracture: fracture involving the floor of the cranial vault
Increased Intracranial Pressure in TBI; normal ICP 7-15mmHg
sustained increases > 20mmHg is associated with ischaemic brain injury
Extradural ICP monitor: ICP monitoring; catheter inserted though a burr hole but does not penetrate the dura
Codman ICP Monitor: intracranial pressure monitor (aka 'BOLT')
The Monro-Kellie doctrine or hypothesis states that the sum of volumes of brain, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and intracerebral blood is constant. An increase in one should cause a reciprocal decrease in either one or both of the remaining two.
Wilhelm Fabricius von Hilden, also known as Guilhelmus Fabricius Hildanus, became known as the father of German surgery.
Lazar K. Lazarević (Лазаp К. Лазаревић) (1851 - 1891) was a Serbian psychiatrist, neurologist and writer
Col. Roy Glenwood Spurling (1894 – 1968) was an American neurosurgeon. Eponymously affiliated with Spurling manoeuvre or Spurling Test described in 1944 as a provocative test of the cervical spine in cervical radiculopathy
Julius Arnold (1835 – 1915) was a German pathologist. Eponymously affiliated with Type II Chiari malformation (Arnold–Chiari malformation)
Burst fracture of the atlas (C1). Often occurs as a result of an axial load to the spine from a direct blow to the vertex of the head
Arnold-Chiari malformation (Type II Chiari malformation) associated with myelomeningocele. Julius Arnold (1835-1915) and Hans Chiari (1851-1916)