A 39 year old man presents with sudden onset right sided pleuritic pain. He smokes marijuana. SpO2 on air 96%
Describe and interpret this CXR
CHEST X-RAY INTERPRETATION
There is a large right sided pneumothorax.
No evidence of trauma.
The left lung looks congested but no obvious parenchymal disease.
With no known underlying lung disease this is a primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP; although the fact that a pneumothorax has occurred suggests underlying lung disease…).
Marijuana smoking is associated with the development of early bullous emphysema, although this is not apparent on the left side.
The size measurement of PSP is arbitrary
• the British guidelines suggest >2cm from chest wall to pleural edge at the level of the hilum
• the Americans suggest >3cm from apex to cupola.
Neither matter very much – the increasing evidence is that PSP can either be left completely alone and will resolve slowly, or simple aspiration using a 14G or 16G cannula is all that’s needed.
Size doesn’t matter although if you must the most reliable means of assessing size if through CT.