De Quervain disease


Chronic tenosynovitis that thickens the tendon sheaths of the abductor muscle long of the thumb and of the extensor short muscle of the thumb.

The Finkelstein test or modified Eichoff test can be used to confirm the diagnosis.

The term “de Quervain’s tenosynovitis” may be a misnomer. In fact, de Quervain credits Emil Theodor Kocher with the first description of the disease and first surgical treatment. [PMID 9316729]

History of de Quervain disease

1893Paul Jules Tillaux (1834-1904) described a painful crepitus sign (Aïe crépitant de Tillaux) – tenosynovitis of the adductor and the short extensor of the thumb.

1894 – December 18, 1894, Fritz De Quervain (1868-1940), described tenosynovitis in Mrs. D., a 35-year-old woman who had severe pain in the extensor muscle region of the thumb, excluding tuberculosis.

It is a condition affecting the tendon sheaths of the abductor pollicis longus, and the extensor pollicis brevis. It has definite symptoms and signs. The condition may affect other extensor tendons at the wrist

De Quervain F. 1895

Associated Persons

Alternative names
  • de Quervain disease; de Quervain’s syndrome
  • de Quervain’s tenosynovitis; de Quervain’s tendovaginitis


Original articles

Review articles



the names behind the name

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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