Paul Jules Tillaux

Paul Jules Tillaux

Paul Jules Tillaux (1834 – 1904) French Surgeon.

Tillaux performed cadaveric experiments and demonstrated stress applied to the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament resulted in an avulsion fracture.

Eponymously affiliated with the Tillaux fracture (1876)


  • Born 8 December 8 1834 Aulnay-sur-Odon, Calvados
  • 1857 – Interne des Hôpitaux
  • 1862 – Doctor of medicine, Paris. Theses: ‘Des conduits excréteurs des glandes sublinguale et lacrymale
  • 1863 – Surgeon to the Bureau Central
  • 1866 – Professeur-Agrégé of Surgery
  • 1868 – Director of the Amphitheatre d’Anatomie des Hopitaux de Paris
  • 1878 – Surgeon to the Beaujon Hospital
  • 1890 – Professor of Clinical Surgery at the Charite
  • 1900 – Hon FRCS at the Royal College of Surgeons, England
  • 1904 – President of the Académie de Médecine
  • Died 20 October 1904

Medical Eponyms

  • Tillaux fracture (Tillaux-Chaput fracture) – Salter Harris III fracture distal tibia
  • Tillaux apparatus (Appareil de Tillaux) – used to reduce and maintain femoral diaphysis fractures in constant steady extension
  • Tillaux manoeuvre (Manœuvre de Tillaux) – clinical examination of the breast: to demonstrate the adhesion of a breast tumor to pectoralis major. The mobility of the tumor within the deep planes is reduced when pectoralis major is contracted, by opposing adduction of patients arm.
  • Tillaux painful crepitus sign (Aïe crépitant de Tillaux) – described tenosynovitis of the adductor and the short extensor of the thumb in 1893 (ahead of de Quervain (1895))


A similar injury to the posterolateral tibia cadeveric description by Tillaux (1876) was later described by Henri Chaput in 1907 hence the term the Tillaux-Chaput fracture.

Major Publications


  • Lebrun A. L’appareil de Tillaux dans les fractures de la diaphyse du fémur. Bruxelles: 1880
  • Biography: Tillaux, Paul Jules (1834 – 1904). Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows Online. Royal College of Surgeons of England.
  • Obituary: Paul Tillaux, M.D. Br Med J 1904;2:1196
  • Dias LS, Giegerich CR. Fractures of the distal tibial epiphysis in adolescence. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1983 Apr;65(4):438-44. [PMID 6833316]
  • Koury SI, Stone CK, Harrell G, La Charité DD. Recognition and management of Tillaux fractures in adolescents. Pediatr Emerg Care. 1999 Feb;15(1):37-9. [PMID 10069311]

eponymictionary CTA 2


the person behind the name

Posted by Dr Mike Cadogan

Emergency physician with a passion for medical informatics and medical education/textbooks. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist | @sandnsurf | + Mike Cadogan | LinkedIn

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