François Chopart (1743 – 1795) was a French Surgeon.
Chopart was a pioneer of urological surgery and is often referred to as the ‘father of urology‘. In 1791 he published the two-volume classic – Traité Des Maladies Des Voies Urinaires
The midtarsal joint is named Chopart joint – he disarticulated this joint when performing forefoot amputations (Chopart amputation)
A Chopart fracture-dislocation involves a midtarsal joint (talonavicular and calcaneocuboid) dislocation with associated fractures
‘Je n’ai fait que du bien sur la terre, et nul ne pourra s’élever contre ma memoire’[I did only do my best on this earth, and nobody can deny it.]
- Born 20 October 1743, Paris
- Master of Arts at College Mazarin
- Studied surgery under Maître Moreau at Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, Paris
- Studied surgery under Maître Coutavoz at Hospice de la Pitié, Paris
- Studied surgery at Hôpital Bicêtre, Paris
- 1770 – Maître en Chirurgie
- 1779 – Published with Pierre-Joseph Desault surgical lecture notes “Traité des maladies chirurgicales, et des opérations qui leur conviennent” (Treaty of Surgical Diseases and Operations)
- 1791 – Published ground-breaking 2-volume urological classic – Traité des maladies des voies urinaires
- 1790 – Director Hospice des Ecoles de Chirurgie founded by King Louis XVI
- Died 9 June 1795 in a cholera epidemic, Paris
- Chopart joint – Articular space between the hindfoot and the midfoot, was described by Chopart as a practical space for amputations in cases of distal foot necrosis (AKA: Articulatio tarsi transversa, midtarsal joint, transverse tarsal articulation.)
- Chopart amputation – amputation through the midtarsal (Chopart) joint. The calcaneus, talus, and other parts of the tarsus are retained, and the soft parts of the sole of the foot cover the stump. An effective procedure for patients allowing weight bearing and associated with reduced infection over other lower extremity amputations.
- Chopart fracture dislocation
- Astley Paston Cooper visited Paris June 1792 to attend lectures and surgery of Desault and Chopart. Cooper recorded that whilst watching Chopart operate on 10 September 1792…he heard the first cannon fired as the French revolution began!
- Like Lisfranc (with the tarsometatarsal joint), Chopart had his procedure of midtarsal joint and the attributed fracture-dislcoation injury eponymously attributed to him.
- 1792 – Lafiteau who provided the first description of Chopart’s method of partial amputation of the foot and Chopart’s joint in Volume IV of Fourcroy ‘La médecine éclairée par les sciences physiques‘ in 1792. [Volume IV pp 85-86 and pp 87-88]
- The fracture-dislocation was attributed at a later date.
- Chopart F. Desault, PJ. Traité des maladies chirurgicales, et des opérations qui leur conviennent. 1779
- Chopart F. Traité Des Maladies Des Voies Urinaires (Treatise on urinary tract diseases) 1791 [Archive Text]
- Soupé EF Chopart F. De paraphimosi: positiones anatomicae et chirurgicae. 1793
- Wolf, J.H. Francois Chopart (1743-1795) – inventor of the partial foot amputation at the transtarsal articulation. Operat Orthop Traumatol. 2000;4:314–317.
- Lafiteau. ‘Observation sur une amputation partielle du pied.’ In: Antoine François Fourcroy. La médecine éclairée par les sciences physiques, ou Journal des découvertes relatives aux différentes parties de l’art de guéri. Paris, chez Buisoon, 1792. Volume IV p85-88.
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