François Chopart (1743 – 1795) was a French Surgeon.
Chopart was a pioneer of urological surgery and is often referred to as the ‘father of urology‘. In 1791 he published the two-volume classic – Traité Des Maladies Des Voies Urinaires
The mid-tarsal joint is named the Chopart joint – Chopart disarticulated this joint when performing forefoot amputations (Chopart amputation). A Chopart fracture-dislocation involves a midtarsal joint (talonavicular and calcaneocuboid) dislocation with associated fractures
- Born 30 October 1743, Paris. Used his father’s first name with the maiden name of his mother
- 1761 – Master of Arts at College Mazarin
- Surgical studies under Maître Moreau at Hôtel-Dieu Hospital, Paris
- Surgical studies under Maître Coutavoz at Hospice de la Pitié, Paris
- Surgical studies at Hôpital Bicêtre, Paris
- 1770 – Maître en Chirurgie
- 1778 – Master of Surgery degree with great distinction, writing his thesis in Latin on “Injuries of the Head”‘
- 1779 – Published with Pierre-Joseph Desault surgical lecture notes “Traité des maladies chirurgicales, et des opérations qui leur conviennent” (Treaty of Surgical Diseases and Operations)
- 1782 – Professor of physiology at the College de Chirurgie de Paris
- 1791 – Published ground-breaking 2-volume urological classic – Traité des maladies des voies urinaires
- 1790 – Director Hospice des Ecoles de Chirurgie founded by King Louis XVI
- Died 9 June 1795
Je n’ai fait que du bien sur la terre, et nul ne pourra s’élever contre ma memoireI did only do my best on this earth, and nobody can deny it.
- Chopart joint – Articular space between the hindfoot and the midfoot, was described by Chopart as a practical space for amputations in cases of distal foot necrosis (AKA: Articulatio tarsi transversa, midtarsal joint, transverse tarsal articulation.)
- Chopart amputation – amputation through the midtarsal (Chopart) joint. The calcaneus, talus, and other parts of the tarsus are retained, and the soft parts of the sole of the foot cover the stump. An effective procedure for patients allowing weight bearing and associated with reduced infection over other lower extremity amputations.
- Chopart fracture dislocation A dislocation of the foot through the talonavicular and the calcaneocuboid joints (Chopart joint) with associated fractures
- Astley Paston Cooper visited Paris June 1792 to attend lectures and surgery of Desault and Chopart. Cooper recorded that whilst watching Chopart operate on 10 September 1792…he heard the first cannon fired as the French revolution began!
- Like Lisfranc (with the tarsometatarsal joint), Chopart had his procedure of midtarsal joint and the attributed fracture-dislocation injury eponymously attributed to him.
- 1792 – Lafiteau who provided the first description of Chopart’s method of partial amputation of the foot and Chopart’s joint in Volume IV of Fourcroy ‘La médecine éclairée par les sciences physiques‘ in 1792. [Volume IV: 85-86; 87-88]. The fracture-dislocation was attributed at a later date.
- Chopart F. Desault, PJ. Traité des maladies chirurgicales, et des opérations qui leur conviennent. and Volume II 1779
- Chopart F. Traité Des Maladies Des Voies Urinaires (Treatise on urinary tract diseases) 1791
- Soupé EF Chopart F. De paraphimosi: positiones anatomicae et chirurgicae. 1793
- Lafiteau. ‘Observation sur une amputation partielle du pied.’ In: Antoine François Fourcroy. La médecine éclairée par les sciences physiques, ou Journal des découvertes relatives aux différentes parties de l’art de guéri. Paris, chez Buisoon, 1792. Volume IV p85-88.
- Sue P. Notice historique sur François Chopart. Journal de médecine, de chirurgie et de pharmacologie 1812; 25: 349 – 363.
- Leonardo RA. Lives of Master Surgeons, New York, 1948: 101-103
- Garrè C, Borchard A. Amputation und Exartikulationen. Lehrbuch der Chirurgie, 1922: 693-695
- Wolf, J.H. Francois Chopart (1743-1795) – inventor of the partial foot amputation at the transtarsal articulation. Operat Orthop Traumatol. 2000; 4: 314–317.
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