Frank Chambliss Johnson

Frank Chambliss Johnson (1894 – 1934) was an American pediatrician

Along with Albert Mason Stevens (1884 – 1945), is eponymously affiliated with Stevens-Johnson syndrome

Johnson was an amateur botanist who died tragically aged 40 following a fall from a cliff whilst collecting plant specimens


Biography
  • Born 1894
  • 1916 – Graduated Rutgers College
  • 1920 – Graduated MD, Columbia University Physicians and Surgeons
  • Died Jan 1, 1934 in a quarry fall whilst studying geological formations and plant life

Medical Eponyms
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (1922)

Stevens-Johnson syndrome is an immunological skin condition, often secondary to drugs or infection. Initial presentation is usually a feverish prodromal period followed by a blistering erythematous skin condition – characterised by mucous membrane involvement

Albert Mason Stevens (1884-1945) and Johnson were the first to draw attention to the conjunctival involvement of the syndrome which was the distinguishing feature at that time

In 1922 Stevens and Johnson published the case reports of two boys aged 7 and 8 at Bellevue hospital, New York. This report was also published later that year in the Lancet. “A New Eruptive Fever Associated with Stomatitis and Ophthalmia” in children. They could find no description of a similar cutaneous eruption and thought that no known diagnosis could be made from the symptoms and course of the disease.

Two cases have been observed of a generalized cutaneous eruption, not conforming to any recognized dermatologie condition. Both cases occurred in boys, one aged 7, the other 8, coming from widely separated parts of New York City, with no possibility of contact. Both cases manifested a purulent conjunctivitis, in Case 2 going on to panophthalmitis and total loss of vision, and in Case 1 responding to treatment, but leaving a severe corneal scar. The pus showed pyogenic organisms only; no gonococci.

Stevens and Johnson. 1922
Stevens-Johnson 1922 Case 1. Nature and extent of eruption on the thirteenth day of the illness.
1922: Case 1. Nature and extent of eruption on the thirteenth day of the illness.

Major Publications

References

Biography

Eponymous terms


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eponym

the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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