Jean-Gaspard Blaise Goyrand

Jean-Gaspard Blaise Goyrand (1803 – 1866)

Jean-Gaspard Blaise Goyrand (1803 – 1866) was a French surgeon.

Goyrand was a prominent French provincial surgeon. He clarified the anatomy of the many varieties of distal radius fractures, including epiphyseal separations (epiphysiolysis) and is eponymously linked with the Goyrand Fracture (France)

Goyrand challenged the assertions of Dupytren and his contracture.

Dr. Paulin Silbert (Goyrand’s son-in-law) posthumously collated his publications into a volume published by Masson in 1870


  • Born 3 February 1803 Aix-en-Provence, France. Son of the artist Antoine-Gabriel Goyrand (1754-1826)
  • 1821 – Graduated from Aix
  • 1824-1828 Assistant surgeon, Hôtel-Dieu de Paris under Guillaume Dupuytren
  • 1828 – Chirurgien chef interne de l’hopital de Aix
  • 1838-1848 maire adjoint four times and Médecin Inspecteur des Eaux Thermales
  • 1862 – Membre Associés National de Académie Impériale de Medecine (rare for a provincial surgeon to attain)
  • Chief of surgery at the hospital in the city of Marseille
  • Died 23 June 1866

Medical Eponyms

  • Goyrand Fracture (1832) described a ‘reversed Colles fracture’, the term is still used in France, though more commonly referred to as a Smith fracture
  • Dupuytren contracture (1835) – claimed Dupuytren assertions wrong on at least three points

Major Publications


  • Latil F, Hueston JT. JGB Goyrand (1803-1866), chirurgien et académici en Aixois. Ann Chir Plast Esthet 1992; 37: 574-8.
  • Thurston AJ. ‘Ao’ or eponyms: the classification of wrist fractures. ANZ J Surg. 2005 May;75(5):347-55. [PMID 15932450]
  • Vrebos J. Dupuytren’s Contracture: an Inaccurate Denomination. Acta Chirurgica Belgica 2009;109(5):657-667

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the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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