Jean-Gaspard Blaise Goyrand

Jean-Gaspard Blaise Goyrand (1803 – 1866)

Jean-Gaspard Blaise Goyrand (1803 – 1866) was a French surgeon.

Goyrand was a prominent French provincial surgeon. He clarified the anatomy of the many varieties of distal radius fractures, including epiphyseal separations (epiphysiolysis) and is eponymously linked with the Goyrand Fracture (France)

Goyrand challenged the assertions of Dupytren and his contracture.

Dr. Paulin Silbert (Goyrand’s son-in-law) posthumously collated his publications into a volume published by Masson in 1870


Biography
  • Born 3 February 1803 Aix-en-Provence, France. Son of the artist Antoine-Gabriel Goyrand (1754-1826)
  • 1821 – Graduated from Aix
  • 1824-1828 Assistant surgeon, Hôtel-Dieu de Paris under Guillaume Dupuytren
  • 1828 – Chirurgien chef interne de l’hopital de Aix
  • 1838-1848 maire adjoint four times and Médecin Inspecteur des Eaux Thermales
  • 1862 – Membre Associés National de Académie Impériale de Medecine (rare for a provincial surgeon to attain)
  • Chief of surgery at the hospital in the city of Marseille
  • Died 23 June 1866

Medical Eponyms

Goyrand Fracture (1832)

Extra-articular fracture of the distal radius with associated palmar (volar) angulation of the distal fracture fragment. The term Goyrand fracture is still used in France to describe a ‘reversed Colles fracture‘, though more commonly referred to as a Smith fracture

1832 – Goyrand noted that a fracture of the distal end of the forearm could be displaced palmarly as well as dorsally

Les fractures de l’extrémité inférieure du radius peuvent avoir lieu dans différens points de la longueur de cette extrémité. Elles ont, en général, une direction oblique de haut en bas, et de la face dorsale à la face palmaire. J’ai cependant sous les yeux deux pièces pathologiques qui me présentent cette fracture avec une direction opposée

Goyrand JGB, 1832; 3: 664

The fractures of the lower extremity of the radius can occur at different points along the length of this extremity. They trace, in general, an oblique direction from superior to inferior, and from the dorsal to the palmar face. However I have beneath my eyes two pathological specimens that present this fracture in the opposite direction…

Goyrand JGB, 1832; 3: 664

Dupuytren contracture (1835) – Goyrand presented at l’Academie Royale de Médecine, claiming Dupuytren was in error on three points:

  • Dissections showed bands flexing fingers and the thumb, beyond the normally accepted limits of the palmar aponeurosis
  • A longitudinal incision allowed better healing and even some fascial excision (possibly the first fasciectomy)
  • The condition was more hereditary than occupational in origin

Major Publications

References

Biography

Eponymous terms


eponymictionary CTA

eponym

the person behind the name

Dr Ronan McKenna, MB BCh BAO at National University of Ireland Galway. Living in Australia with  plans for a future in Emergency Medicine. A keen interest in Medical History, Wilderness Medicine and Sport.

Resident medical officer in emergency medicine MB ChB (Uni. Dundee)  MRCS Ed. Avid traveller, yoga teacher, polylinguist with a passion for discovering cultures.

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