Maurice David Sachs (1909-1987) was an American radiologist.
Worked as a radiologist with Harold Arthur Hill in San Fransisco California
In 1940, Hill and Sachs published a report of 119 shoulder dislocation cases. They determined that the cortical depression in the posterolateral head of the humerus was related to impaction of the humeral head against the inferior glenoid in anterior shoulder dislocation.
The deformity/fracture is eponymously attributed the Hill-Sachs defect following his 1940 publication
Hill-Sachs defect (1940)
Cortical depression of posterolateral head of the humerus related to impaction of the humeral head with inferior glenoid in anterior shoulder dislocation. Often associated with a Bankart lesion of the glenoid.
The resultant lesion predisposes the shoulder joint to recurrent dislocations, the lesion is larger in relation to the number of dislocations
The defect is located posterior and medial to the greater tuberosity on the posterolateral aspect of the articulating surface of the humeral head. The groove is navicular or wedge-shaped and its average measurements are 2.5 cm. in length (cephalocaudad), 1.5 cm. in width, and 0.75 cm. in depth. The defect is demarcated from the surrounding normal bone by sharp or vertically projecting walls, which in the larger defects stand at a right-angle to each otherHall, Sachs 1940: 690
A more widespread knowledge regarding the possibility of the existence of these lesions should lead to better results in the treatment of shoulder dislocations and disabilitiesHall, Sachs 1940: 700
- Hill HA, Sachs MD. The grooved defect of the humeral head: a frequently unrecognized complication of dislocations of the shoulder joint. Radiology. 1940; 35(6): 690–700
- Partington PF, Sachs MD. Routine use of operative cholangiography. Surg Gynecol Obstet. 1948; 87(3): 299-307.
- Sachs MD, McGAW WH, Rizzo RP. Studies in the scope of pneumoarthrography of the knee as a diagnostic aid. Radiology. 1950; 54(1): 10-32
- Sachs MD. Visualization of the common duct during cholecystography; its significance. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1953; 69(5): 745-68
- Wolkin J, Sachs MD, Hoke GH. Comparative studies of discography and myelography. Radiology. 1955; 64(5): 704-713.
- Sachs MD, Partington PF. Cholangiographic diagnosis of pancreatitis. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1956; 76(1): 32-38.
- Sachs MD. Practical observations of the biliary tract with operative cholangiography and cholografin. J Int Coll Surg. 1957; 27(6): 681-689
- Sachs MD, Partington PF. The distended gallbladder; the value of a fat meal in cholecystography. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1960; 83: 835-842
- Ross RJ, Sachs MD. Triplication of the gallbladder. Am J Roentgenol Radium Ther Nucl Med. 1968; 104(3): 656-661
- Somford MP, Nieuwe Weme RA, van Dijk CN, IJpma FF, Eygendaal D. Are eponyms used correctly or not? A literature review with a focus on shoulder and elbow surgery. Evid Based Med. 2016; 21(5): 163-71
- Somford MP, Van der Linde JA, Wiegerinck JI, Hoornenborg D, Van den Bekerom MPJ, Van Deurzen DFP. Eponymous terms in anterior shoulder stabilization surgery. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2017; 103(8): 1257-1263.
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