Riccardo Galeazzi (1866 – 1952) was an Italian orthopaedic surgeon.
Distinguished surgeon and academic with nearly 150 publications. World pioneer for occupational treatment and rehabilitation centers. The majority of Galeazzi’s work focused on scoliosis, skeletal tuberculosis, acute arthritis in the infants and juvenile ostechondrosis
Following review of >12,000 congenital hip dislocations, developed the Galeazzi Test to improve early detection.
- Born in Turin, Italy on 17th August 1866
- 1886 – Commenced studies at Turin Medical School
- 1890 – Graduated medical school with honors
- 1899 – Qualified as lecturer in Clinical Medicine and Surgical Operations
- 1903 – Appointed Director of the Pius Institute for Crippled Children (Instituto dei Rachitici)
- 1906 – Commenced teaching at the Orthopaedic Institute at the University of Milan
- 1908 – Became Professor of Clinical Orthopaedics and Traumatology
- 1911 – Directed Archivio di Orthopedia for 35 years, the oldest journal devoted to orthopedics
- 1929 – Founding member of the International Society for Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology (SICOT)
- 1934 – Published article describing fractures of the radial shaft with dislocation of the DRUJ
- 1948 – Published ‘The pathogenesis and treatment of scoliosis’
- 1952 – Died in Milan
- 1961 – Orthopaedic institute renamed Instituto Ortopedico Galeazzi
Key Medical Attributions
- 1911 – Opened occupational treatment and rehabilitation clinic in Milan, thought to be first of its kind.
- 1929 – Correction of scoliosis by manipulation and splinting.
- 1934 – Described radial shaft fracture with associated DRUJ dislocation and published his experience of 18 cases.
- First surgical treatment of recurrent dislocation of patella.
- Developed the Galeazzi Test which identifies congenital hip dislocation – the test is also widely used in adult orthopedics to assess for leg length discrepancy.
- Galeazzi Fracture (1934) Fracture of the distal third of the radius with associated distal radio-ulna joint (DRUJ) disruption.
- Galeazzi Test (Allis sign or Skyline test) – is used to assess for hip dislocation, specifically testing for developmental dysplasia of the hip.
Fracture pattern actually first described by Sir Astley Cooper in 1822 and published in 1824 some 110 years prior to Galeazzi’s publication. Cooper describes cases of radius fracture with DRUJ disruption and ulna dislocation
- Galeazzi R. The treatment of scoliosis. J Bone Joint Surg. 1929;11:81–86.
- Galeazzi R. Di una particolare sindrome traumatica dello scheletro dell’ avambraccio. Atti e memorie della Società lombarda di chirurgia. (Of a particular traumatic syndrome of the forearm’s skeleton). 1934;2:663–666
- Galeazzi R. Uber ein besonderes Syndrom bei Verletzungen im Bereich der Unterarmknochen. Archiv fur orthopadische und Unfall Chirurgie 1934; 35:557–562. [Galeazzi fracture]
- Sebastin SJ, Chung KC. A historical report on Riccardo Galeazzi and the management of Galeazzi fractures. J Hand Surg Am. 2010 Nov;35(11):1870–1877. [PMC 4411960]
- Scaglietti O. Riccardo Galeazzi, 1866-1952. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (British). 1953;35-B:679-80 [PMID: 13108934]
- Cooper A. A treatise on dislocations, and on fractures of the joints. London: Longman; 1824. [pp473–476] [Plate XXVIII Fig 1,2]
- De Vecchi P. Modern Italian Surgery and Old Universities of Italy. Scientific Institutes of Learning in Milan. 1921:154–162. .
the person behind the name