Sir Robert Reynolds Macintosh (1897 – 1989) New Zealand Anaesthetist.
Eponymously affiliated with the Macintosh Laryngoscope
The curved blade of the laryngoscope allows larynx exposure by directly lifting the epiglottis. This required lighter planes of anaesthesia and was useful in intubating semi-conscious patients on the battlefield.
- Born 17 October 1897 Timaru, New Zealand
- His father, Charles Nicholson Macintosh was mayor of Timaru (1901-2) and All Black Number 39, touring Australia in 1893
- Macintosh was baptised with the Maori name Rewi Rawhiti Macintosh and changed his name to Robert Reynolds after WWI
- 1915 – served as a pilot in the Royal Flying Corps in WW I. Shot down behind German lines 26 May 1917, imprisoned and made many failed attempts to escape. Repatriated 1918.
- 1924 – Graduated Guys Hospital Medical School MRCS LRCP
- 1927 – Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh
- 1937 – Nuffield Professor of Anaesthetics, Oxford Univeristy. Post was first Chair in anaesthetics in Europe, made at the behest of Lord Nuffield’s, but against the University wishes, for at the time Anaesthetics lacked academic credentials
- 1941 – Air Commodore in the Royal Air Force and Royal Navy in WW II. Advisor and consultant, carried out tests on life jackets with Edgar Pask – life jacket is still in use today
- 1955 – knighted
- Died 28 August 1989, Oxford, England
Key Medical Attributions:
- Developed the ‘Oxford Vaporiser’ – machine for the administration of ether in the war, which made anaesthesia safer.
- Helped to establish academic chairs and the fostering of high standards of training and practice within anaesthesia in developing countries and the commonwealth.
- Macintosh Laryngoscope (1943)
- Macintosh RR. A new laryngoscope. Lancet 1943;241(6233):205
- Macintosh RR. Laryngoscope blades. Lancet 1944;243(6293):485
- Zadrobilek E. Macintosh Laryngoscope. Virtual Museum of Equipment for Airway Management. [Full Text]
- Croft T The resuscitation greats. Professor Sir Robert Macintosh, 1897-1989. Resuscitation. 2002 Aug;54(2):111-3. [PMID 12161289]
- Biography: Macintosh, Sir Robert Reynolds (1897 – 1989). Plarr’s Lives of the Fellows Online. Royal College of Surgeons of England. [Full text]
- Obituary. Robert Reynolds Macintosh. BMJ 1989; 299 [Text]
- Mushin WW. Professor Emeritus Sir Robert Reynolds Macintosh 17 October 1897-28 August 1989. Anaesthesia. 1989 Dec;44(12):950-2. [PMID 2694859]
- Sykes K, Benad G. The influence of Sir Robert Reynolds Macintosh on the development of anaesthesia. Anaesthesiol Reanim. 2004;29(3):91-6. [PMID 15317362]
- Boulton TB. Professor Sir Robert Macintosh, 1897-1989: personal reflections on a remarkable man and his career. Reg Anesth. 1993 May-Jun;18(3):145-54. [PMID 8323886]
- Maltby R. Notable Names in Anaesthesia. The Choir Press; pp 120-122 (2013)
- Sir Robert Reynolds “Rewi” Macintosh (1897-1989) – rootsweb
- Jephcott A. The Macintosh laryngoscope. A historical note on its clinical and commercial development. Anaesthesia. 1984 May;39(5):474-9. [PMID 6375446]
- Giuca MS, Desai SP. Eponyms in the operating room: careers of five American physicians. Bull Anesth Hist. 2013 Oct;31(2):32-5, 39. [PMID 24195165] [Full Text]
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