Muehrcke's nails (or Muehrcke lines) are a disorder of the nail bed which can be a reflection of systemic disease. A distinct pattern of paired, white, transverse lines that usually spare the thumbnail and are most commonly in seen in association with hypoalbuminaemia, metabolic stress or chemotherapy.
Terry's nails are a type of apparent leukonychia, characterized by ground glass opacification of almost the entire nail, with a narrow band of normal, pink nail bed at the distal border, and often with obliteration of the lunula.
Ralph Ger (1921-2012) was a South African clinical anatomist, surgeon and educator. Ger's sign of scrotal dimple in testicular torsion (1962)
Alessandro Lelli - Italian orthopaedic surgeon specialising in knee arthroscopy and reconstructive surgery. Eponym: Lelli test (Lever test) Knee ACL
George Bushar Markle IV (1921 – 1999) was an American surgeon. Eponymously linked to the Markle Sign in appendicitis (1985)
Berkeley George Andrew Moynihan, Lord Moynihan of Leeds (1865 - 1936) was an English General surgeon. Eponymously associated with the Moynihan sign (1905), an adaptation of Murphy's sign, a method used to differentiate pain in the right upper quadrant.
Patrick Gerard Collins (1923 - 1999) was an Irish general surgeon specialising in biliary tract surgery. Collins sign (2009)
The Alvarado score is a 10 point score for predicting acute appendicitis (mnemonic MANTRELS). Alfredo Alvarado in 1986
Pros and cons of clinical examination of the critically ill
Pierre Mallet-Guy (1897 - 1995) was a French surgeon. Mallet-Guy sign in patients with chronic pancreatitis (1943)