46-year-old male with one hour of central crushing chest pain. Background of hypertension, morbidly obese and a heavy smoker.
We are four minutes from your tertiary centre.
This ECG is highly concerning for evolving anteroseptal occlusion myocardial infarction (OMI)
- ST elevation and hyperacute T waves in leads V1-3
- Reciprocal inferolateral ST depression
- Note the widening of the proximal portion of T waves in V1-2 — remember, infarction causes wide, bulky T waves with increased area under the curve
- Sinus tachycardia is likely secondary to pain and ischaemia
Given proximity to arrival, no activation call was made. The cardiology team met the patient on arrival and a second ECG was performed:
What is your interpretation?
- Previously seen ST elevation in leads V1-3 is now significantly more pronounced, meeting traditional “STEMI” criteria
- Inferolateral ST depression is more prominent
ST elevation in aVR adds little diagnostic value here. It is most likely a reflection of diffuse subendocardial ischaemia, due to a combination of evolving infarction, tachycardia +/- hypotension (we are not given a blood pressure). Although infarction of the basal septum can cause ST elevation in aVR, we already suspect the above changes are secondary to left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion.
Take a deep dive into the misnomer of ST elevation in aVR
This patient was taken for emergent angiography.
Key Findings: Occluded proximal LAD
- Left Main Coronary Artery – Normal
- Left Anterior Descending Coronary Artery – Occluded proximally. Type III vessel.
- Left circumflex coronary artery – Large calibre vessel. Co-dominant. Mild irregularities.
- Right coronary artery- Small calibre vessel. Co-dominant. Mild diffuse disease.
- Single vessel coronary artery disease. Occluded LAD.
- Proceeded to percutaneous coronary intervention to LAD.
- Dual antiplatelet therapy – aspirin 100mg + ticagrelor 90mg BD for 12 months. Aspirin 100mg daily for life
- Ongoing aggressive cardiovascular risk factor management
- Smoking cessation
- Admit CCU
- Buttner R, Burns E. Anterior Myocardial Infarction. LITFL
- Nickson C. STEMI Management. LITFL
- Burns E, Buttner R. T wave. LITFL
- Wiesbauer F, Kühn P. ECG Mastery: Yellow Belt online course. Understand ECG basics. Medmastery
- Wiesbauer F, Kühn P. ECG Mastery: Blue Belt online course: Become an ECG expert. Medmastery
- Kühn P, Houghton A. ECG Mastery: Black Belt Workshop. Advanced ECG interpretation. Medmastery
- Rawshani A. Clinical ECG Interpretation ECG Waves
- Smith SW. Dr Smith’s ECG blog.
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MBBS (Hons), BMSci (Hons), ASCeXAM (Testamur). Cardiology Registrar at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital in Perth, Australia. Graduate of The University of Western Australia in 2016 with Honours and completed Basic Physician Training with the RACP in 2021. Passion lie in cardiac imaging and electrophysiology.