André Frédéric Cournand (1895 – 1988) was a French physician and physiologist.
Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine along with Werner Forssmann and Dickinson W. Richards for their “discoveries concerning heart catheterization and pathological changes in the circulatory system“
- Born 24 September 1895 Paris, France
- 1913 – Bachelor’s degree, Faculté des Lettres of the Sorbonne
- 1914 – Diploma Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Faculté des Sciences
- WW I – Interrupted studies 1915-1918 to enter French army as a Private and ultimately a battalion surgeon. Awarded Croix de Guerre with three bronze stars
- 1925 – Interne des Hôpitaux de Paris
- 1930 – MD Faculté de Médecine de Paris. Thesis ‘Acute Disseminated Sclerosis’ under Prof Guillain.
- 1930 – Emigrated to the USA, American citizen (1941)
- 1931 – Research on the physiology and physiopathology of respiration – Chest Service of Bellevue Hospital
- 1951 – Professor at the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons
- 1956 – Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
- Editorial Boards of many medical and physiological publications: Circulation, Physiological Reviews, The American Journal of Physiology, and also Journal de Physiologie and Revue Française d’Etúdes Cliniques et Biologiques.
- 1981 – Founding member of the World Cultural Council (Council to promote cultural values, goodwill and philanthropy among individuals)
- Died 19 February 1988 Great Barrington, MA, USA
Key Medical Attributions:
- 1929 – Werner Forssmann succeeded in inserting a catheter into his own heart, but there was great hesitance about continuing this type of research.
- 1941 – Cournand and Richards published a series of studies that established use of cardiac catheterization. Because it was possible to reach the upper chambers of the heart, blood pressure and the blood’s oxygen content could be measured on the way from the heart to the lungs, which was impossible before.
- Cournand AF. Control of the pulmonary circulation in man with some remarks on methodology. 1956. NobelPrize.org
- Biography: André F. Cournand. 1956. NobelPrize.org
- Portrait: André F. Cournand Columbia Living Legacies 2002.
- Riley RL. The award of the Trudeau Medal for 1971 (Andre F. Cournand). Am Rev Respir Dis. 1971 Oct;104(4):615-7. [PMID 4937533]
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