Arthur Carlton Ernstene
Arthur Carlton Ernstene (1901-1971) was an American cardiologist.
Ernstene was a pioneer and leader in cardiology, taking on numerous leadership positions such as: Head of Department of Cardiorespiratory Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic (1932-65), President of the American Heart Association (1959-60), and President of the American College of Physicians (1965-66).
Ernstene authored over 100 publications of original research on internal medicine, including the erythrocyte sedimentation rate, electrocardiograph, and coronary artery disease.
He is eponymous with the Blumgart-Ernstene murmur (1933) which provides a technique to differentiate between aortic regurgitation and peripheral vasodilation in a Duroziez-like murmur.
- Born 4 August 1901 in Parker, South Dakota
- 1922 – Bachelor of Arts, State University of Iowa
- 1925 – Doctor of Medicine, State University of Iowa College of Medicine
- 1925-26 – Intern at Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit
- 1926-28 – Assistant resident then resident physician at Thorndike Memorial Laboratory, Boston City Hospital. Worked under Dr S. Levine, where he studied electrocardiograph technique, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate
- 1927-32 – Harvard Medical School: Assistant in Medicine (1927-30); Instructor in Medicine (1930-31); Faculty Instructor in Medicine (1931-32)
- 1929-32 – Research associate and assistant to Dr H. Blumgart, Beth Israel Hospital
- 1932-65 – Head of Department of Cardiorespiratory Disease, Cleveland Clinic
- 1942-44 – Lieutenant commander Medical Corps
- 1956 – Diplomate American Board Internal Medicine
- 1959-60 – President of the American Heart Association
- 1964 – Gold Heart Award, American Heart Association
- 1965-66 – President of the American College of Physicians
- Died 12 March 1971, Cleveland, Ohio
Blumgart-Ernstene murmur (1933)
Techniques to differentiate aortic insufficiency from peripheral vasodilation when a Duroziez-like murmur is auscultated in the upper or lower limbs
- Rourke MD, Ernstene AC. A method for correcting the erythrocyte sedimentation rate for variations in the cell volume percentage of blood. J Clin Invest. 1930;8(4):545–559.
- Blumgart HL, Ernstene AC. Two mechanisms in production of Duroziez’s sign: Their diagnostic significance and clinical test for differentiating between them. JAMA. 1933; 100(3): 173-177. [Blumgart-Ernstene murmur]
- Levine SA, Ernstene AC. Observations on arterial blood pressure during attacks of angina pectoris. American Heart Journal. 1933;8(3):323-26.
- Ernstene AC. Schneider RW. Angina Pectoris in Young Individuals with Aortic Insufficiency. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 1941; 57: 33–42.
- Ernstene AC. Coronary Heart Disease. 1948
- Wright IS. A. Carlton Ernstene. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc. 1973; 84: xxxi–xxxii.
- Sheldon WC. Pathfinders of the Heart: The History of Cardiology at the Cleveland Clinic. Xlibris Corporation. 2008.
- Zhang G. Eponyms in Aortic Regurgitation. LITFL 2019
the person behind the name
Doctor in Australia. Keen interest in internal medicine, medical education, and medical history.