Arthur Sidney Blundell Bankart

Arthur Sidney Blundell Bankart (1879- 1951)

Arthur Sidney Blundell Bankart (1879- 1951) was a pioneering British Orthopaedic surgeon.

Prominent spinal surgeon. One of the first in the UK to perform a lateral cordotomy for the relief of pain. Published “Manipulative surgery” after working closely with Herbert Baker, an unqualified manipulator.

The Bankart Lesion – antero-inferior detachment of the glenoid labrum – is named after him. Popularised an operative approach for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations – the Bankart Repair (AKA: Broca-Perthes-Bankart operation).

  • Born 1879
  • Educated at Rugby School then Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1906 – Qualified from Guy’s Hospital
  • 1909 – Obtained Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (UK).
  • 1909 – First Surgical Registrar at the National Orthopaedic Hospital, London
  • 1911 – Surgeon to the Maida Vale Hospital for Nervous Diseases; Assistant Surgeon to the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital; Surgeon to the Belgrave Hospital for Children and Surgeon to the Queen’s Hospital for Children. Practicing in orthopaedic surgery, neurosurgery and paediatric surgery.
  • 1913 – First honorary secretary of Orthopaedic Surgery of Royal Society of Medicine.
  • 1920 – First Orthopaedic Surgeon at Middlesex Hospital, UK.
  • 1923 – Founder member of the British Orthopaedic Society and Société Internationale de Chirurgie Orthopédique et de Traumatologie [SICOT].
  • 1933 – President of British Orthopaedic Society.
  • 1944 – Retired…but carried on operating
  • Died 8 April 1951 after a full day in theatre.
Medical Eponyms
  • Bankart Lesion (1923) antero-inferior detachment of the glenoid labrum, commonly (85-97%) associated with first-time traumatic anterior shoulder dislocations.
  • Bankart Repair: operative repair for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations. (Also Broca-Perthes-Bankart operation)
  • Bankart lesion: Broca and Hartmann (1890) gave a good description of the lesion, but their work was neglected, and it is largely due to Bankart’s emphasis that the defect has become widely known.
  • Bankart repair: Georg Clemens Perthes (1906) originally described the operative repair. Bankart popularised the operation for recurrent shoulder dislocation.
Major Publications

BA MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM. Emergency physician, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital.  Passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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