Part 3 of the "COVID-19: Keeping the baby in the bath" series discussing whether COVID-19 is part of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and the importance of lung compliance.
Discussing "silent hypoxaemia" and timing of intubation. Part 2 of the COVID-19: keeping the baby in the bath" series
Spontaneous breathing can occur without ventilatory support (unassisted spontaneous breathing) or be integrated with mechanical ventilation with assisted ventilation modes (assisted spontaneous breathing).
Overview of lung imaging for COVID-19 pneumonia, from a critical care perspective (Critical Care Compendium)
Transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) is defined as hypoxia and bilateral pulmonary edema occurring during or within 6 h of a transfusion in the absence of other causes such as cardiac failure or intravascular volume overload
Platypnea-orthodeoxia (P-O) syndrome is an under-diagnosed condition characterized by dyspnea and deoxygenation when changing from a recumbent to an upright position
Oxygen saturation targets in critical illness. Both the extremes of hypoxaemia and hyperoxia have the potential to harm critically ill patients and worsen their outcomes
Can have one or both lungs transplanted depending on disease process. Single lung transplants only suitable for non-infective conditions that will not go on to damage new lung, with no cardiac disease
Negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is a form of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema (PE) that results from the generation of high negative intrathoracic pressure (NIP) needed to overcome upper airway obstruction
Community Acquired Pneumonia: Streptococcus pneumonia (most common organism); other causes: Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydophila pneumoniae and Legionella, Haemophilus influenzae (in COPD)
Excessive oxygen administration can lead to hypercapnic respiratory failure in some COPD patients. COPD patients with more severe hypoxemia are at higher risk of CO2 retention from uncontrolled O2 administration