Lung volume reduction surgery is performed on a high risk population with an associated mortality of 5-10%. The goal of the operation is to eliminate the most diseased areas of lung to reduce overall lung volume and improve respiratory mechanics
Chylothorax occurs when chyle from the thoracic duct empties into the pleural space. Chyle is a milky white fluid with a high concentration of triglycerides, chylomicrons, and white blood cells. Pseudochylothorax is pleural fluid that mimics true chylous pleural effusion in appearance but lacks the biochemical criteria for chylothorax; usually due to a longstanding pleural effusion
Hypoxaemia post Cardiac Surgery. Management approach would be based on a systematic assessment of the patient using history, examination and review of investigations with regard to the following possible causes.
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