Claude Schaeffer Beck (1894-1971) was an American Cardiac Surgeon. Described two cardiac compression triads (1935); first successful use of a defibrillator on a human (1947)
Network Five Emergency Medicine Journal Club Episode 4 - ECMO: Review of DOSE VF, setting up an ECMO service, and D-dimer
Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch (1875-1951) was a German thoracic surgeon. Eponyms: Sauerbruch chamber, Sauerbruch hand, Sauerbruch grip to name a few...
Emily Granger takes us through the original cardiothoracic conundrum: what to do about chest injuries and rib fractures?
When time is muscle every second counts. Cardiac failure may not be so terminal after all, with Emily Granger
Charles Clifford Macklin (1883-1959) was a Canadian pulmonologist. Macklin Effect (1939)
Can have one or both lungs transplanted depending on disease process. Single lung transplants only suitable for non-infective conditions that will not go on to damage new lung, with no cardiac disease
Lung volume reduction surgery is performed on a high risk population with an associated mortality of 5-10%. The goal of the operation is to eliminate the most diseased areas of lung to reduce overall lung volume and improve respiratory mechanics
Chylothorax occurs when chyle from the thoracic duct empties into the pleural space. Chyle is a milky white fluid with a high concentration of triglycerides, chylomicrons, and white blood cells. Pseudochylothorax is pleural fluid that mimics true chylous pleural effusion in appearance but lacks the biochemical criteria for chylothorax; usually due to a longstanding pleural effusion
Vasoplegia Post Cardiopulmonary Bypass. Common; results from a bypass-induced SIRS response, but other causes of vasodilation (e.g. drugs, sepsis) can also contribute
Post-Pericardotomy Syndrome = febrile illness secondary to an inflammatory reaction involving the pleura + pericardium.
Pneumonectomy is the surgical removal of an entire lung, performed via thoracotomy