Robert Marcus Gunn (1850 – 1909) was a Scottish Ophthalmologist. FAMOUS FOR Biography Born 1850 Culgower, Scotland 1868-1873 Studied at Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities. MA (1871); MB CM (1873); MRCS (1873) 1882 – FRCS Edinburgh 1907 – President of the Ophthalmological Society Died 29 November 1909 Surrey, England Medical Eponyms Marcus Gunn pupilary phenomenon […]
Johann Friedrich Horner (1831 – 1886) was an Swiss ophthalmologist.
Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821 – 1894) was a German physician and physicist. Helmholtz was a pioneer in the scientific study of human vision and hearing. He revolutionized the field of ophthalmology with the invention of the ophthalmoscope in 1851 Biography Born 31 August 1821 Potsdam, Prussia Died 8 September 1894 Berlin, Germany Key […]
William John Adie (1886 – 1935) was an Australian neurologist. Best known for describing the tonically dilated pupil (Adie pupil) associated with absent deep tendon reflexes (Adie syndrome) and his description of narcolepsy
Holmes-Adie syndrome (aka Adie syndrome) affects the autonomic nervous system. Patients present with the pupil of one eye being larger and only slowly constricts in bright light (tonic pupil). There is also absence of deep tendon reflexes, usually the Achilles tendon.
Sir Gordon Morgan Holmes (1876 – 1965) was an Irish neurologist. The works of Gordon Holmes are often cited as having a foundational influence on our understanding of the clinical symptoms and signs of cerebellar lesions Biography Born 1876 Died 1965 Medical Eponyms Holmes-Adie pupil (1931) Head-Holmes syndrome (1911) Sensory changes produced by lesions of […]
Biography Born 6 August 1869 Bremen, Germany Died 11 May 1954, Stuttgart, Germany Key Medical Attributions Medical Eponyms Kayser-Fleischer Ring (1902, 1903) Controversies Major Publications Kayser B. Ueber einen Fall von angeborener grünlicher Verfärbung der Cornea. Klinische Monatsblatter für Augenheilkunde. 1902;40(2):22-25 [Kayser-Fleischer Ring] References Papers Dr Michael StirlingEmergency Medicine trainee. Interests in ophthalmology, critical care and […]
Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History 1902 Kayser 1903 – Fleischer description in the same journal, a year after Kayser. His contribution went beyond that of Kayser, he recognised that the ring was a marker for a particular neuropsychiatric disorder associated with cirrhosis. However his breakthrough was overshadowed by the work of […]
Douglas Moray Cooper Lamb Argyll Robertson (1837–1909) was a Scottish surgeon and ophthalmologist. Eponym: Argyll Robertson pupils
Albrecht von Gräfe (1828 – 1870) was a German ophthalmologist. Founder of scientific ophthalmology, Graefe sign (1864)