Category Ophthalmology

Marcus Gunn Pupil

Description Marcus Gunn Pupil: (AKA relative afferent pupillary defect or RAPD) A pupil that responds by constricting more to an indirect than to a direct light, seen with unilateral optic nerve or retinal disease, History 1902 First description by Robert…
Robert Marcus Gunn (1850 – 1909) 1200

Robert Marcus Gunn

Robert Marcus Gunn (1850 – 1909) was a Scottish Ophthalmologist. FAMOUS FOR Biography Born 1850 Culgower, Scotland 1868-1873 Studied at Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities. MA (1871); MB CM (1873); MRCS (1873) 1882 – FRCS Edinburgh 1907 – President of…
Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821 – 1894)

Hermann von Helmholtz

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821 – 1894) was a German physician and physicist. Helmholtz was a pioneer in the scientific study of human vision and hearing. He revolutionized the field of ophthalmology with the invention of the ophthalmoscope in…
William John Adie (1886 – 1935)

William John Adie

William John Adie (1886 – 1935) was an Australian neurologist. Best known for describing the tonically dilated pupil (Adie pupil) associated with absent deep tendon reflexes (Adie syndrome) and his description of narcolepsy

Adie syndrome

Holmes-Adie syndrome (aka Adie syndrome) affects the autonomic nervous system. Patients present with the pupil of one eye being larger and only slowly constricts in bright light (tonic pupil). There is also absence of deep tendon reflexes, usually the Achilles tendon.
Sir Gordon Morgan Holmes (1876 – 1965) 340

Gordon Morgan Holmes

Sir Gordon Morgan Holmes (1876 – 1965) was an Irish neurologist. The works of Gordon Holmes are often cited as having a foundational influence on our understanding of the clinical symptoms and signs of cerebellar lesions Biography Born 1876 Died…

Bernard Kayser

Biography Born 6 August 1869 Bremen, Germany Died 11 May 1954, Stuttgart, Germany Key Medical Attributions Medical Eponyms Kayser-Fleischer Ring (1902, 1903) Controversies Major Publications Kayser B. Ueber einen Fall von angeborener grünlicher Verfärbung der Cornea. Klinische Monatsblatter für Augenheilkunde. 1902;40(2):22-25…

Kayser-Fleischer Ring

Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History 1902 Kayser 1903 – Fleischer description in the same journal, a year after Kayser. His contribution went beyond that of Kayser, he recognised that the ring was a marker for a…
Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Albrecht von Gräfe (1828 – 1870)

Albrecht von Graefe

Albrecht von Gräfe (1828 – 1870) was a German ophthalmologist. Founder of scientific ophthalmology, Graefe sign (1864)
John Dalrymple (1803 – 1852)

John Dalrymple

John Dalrymple (1803-1852) English surgeon and ophthalmologist. Dalrymple sign (1952) relating to Graves disease; dissection and histology of first case of multiple myeloma with Bence Jones (1846)