ECG Case 066

Elderly patient presenting with chest pain and diaphoresis. Describe and interpret his ECG

TOP 100 ECG QUIZ LITFL 066

Describe and interpret this ECG

ECG ANSWER and INTERPRETATION

This ECG demonstrates an infero-posterior STEMI, as manifest by:


See Quiz ECG 14 for another example of posterior infarction. 


CLINICAL PEARLS

Tips for spotting posterior infarction

Look specifically at leads V2-3 for the combination of:

  • Horizontal ST depression.
  • Tall, broad R wave (>30ms wide, R/S ratio > 1) — this is a Q-wave equivalent.
  • Upright T wave — particularly the terminal portion of the T wave.

One common trick is to turn the ECG over, hold it up to the light and look through it from behind. This inverts lead V2, which then takes on the appearance of a classic STEMI.

Posterior AMI flip STEMI ST Elevation

In this ECG example, V3 is the most characteristically abnormal lead.


Look for evidence of posterior involvement in any patient with an inferior or lateral STEMI.

Sometimes it can be difficult to determine whether ST depression in V2-3 is due to posterior STEMI or simply subendocardial ischaemia affecting the anteroseptal wall. The diagnosis can be confirmed by recording posterior leads V7-9 (Quiz 067).


TOP 100 ECG SERIES


Emergency Physician in Prehospital and Retrieval Medicine in Sydney, Australia. He has a passion for ECG interpretation and medical education | ECG Library |

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