Janeway lesions

Description

Janeway lesions are non-tender, small erythematous or haemorrhagic macular or nodular lesions on the palms or soles only a few millimeters in diameter that are indicative of infective endocarditis. To be differentiated from painful Osler nodes.

Janeway lesions
Janeway lesions: Clin Med (Lond). 2017

History

1899Edward Janeway’s original description was in the context of separating “malignant” (acute) endocarditis from other infectious disorders

In trying to determine whether a given case is more probably due to endocarditis or to another malignant process I have found that attention to the position of the hemorrhages is at times very helpful. Several times I have noted numerous small hemorrhages with slight nodular character in the palms of the hand and soles of the feet, when possibly the arms and legs had but a scanty crop in malignant endocarditis, whereas this has not been my experience with processes likely to be mistaken for it.

Janeway, 1899

Emanuel Libman, a student of Janeway, applied the eponym ‘Janeway lesion’. Libman pointed out that this lesion was not tender, in contrast to the exquisitely painful Osler node.

I would like to refer to a point which has been of great value… “the small hemorrhages in the palms and soles with slightly nodular character” I learned from Dr. Janeway when I had the privilege of serving under him…(keep) a sharp lookout for them as they will often direct attention to an acute endocarditis to which there was no other clue.

Libman, 1906

1912 – Osier recorded lesions that may have been Janeway lesions. He described the lesions as “peculiar areas of persistent erythema” on the palms and soles in a patient with subacute bacterial endocarditis [1912; 19: 103-107]. These were in stark contrast to the painful erythematous nodules he associated with infectious endocarditis that were later termed Osler nodes.

1923 – Libman originally considered Janeway lesions to be pathognomonic for acute bacterial endocarditis but later remarked that he had also seen them in three patients with subacute bacterial endocarditis.

Embolic lesions occur with great frequency in the acute and subacute bacterial cases. They consist of petechiae, Janeway lesions, Osler (tender cutaneous) nodes and purpura

Libman, 1923:815

1949 – Libman and Friedberg emphasized the fact that Janeway lesions were infrequent; more characteristic of acute bacterial endocarditis than subacute bacterial endocarditis; and were never painful. They noted that Janeway lesions may appear erythematous, rather than hemorrhagic, particularly in subacute bacterial endocarditis

1976 – Joseph B. Farrior, III evaluation of ‘classic’ textbook descriptions of Janeway lesions and Osler nodes

Textbook descriptions of Janeway lesions and Osler nodes

Associated Persons


References


eponymictionary CTA

eponymictionary

the names behind the name

Doctor in Australia. Keen interest in internal medicine, medical education, and medical history.

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