Silvio Rolando

Prof Silvio Rolando da Carasco (1873-1949) was an Italian general surgeon specialising in Urology

A prominent general surgeon in Genoa, Italy. Rolando specialized in genitourinary tract surgery. Over a period of 30 years he published papers in Italian and French on a wide variety of surgical conditions. Rolando was a member of the Société Internationale de Chirurgie

Rolando is the third Italian surgeon to have a fracture named after him (the Rolando fracture), a distinction he shares with Monteggia and Galeazzi.


Biography
  • Born on May 29, 1873 in Carasco, Genoa Italy
  • 1896 – L.D. in ‘Chirurgia operativa‘ e ‘Clinica chirurgica‘, Facolta di medicina e chirurgia, Università di Genova
  • 1896-1907 Assistant surgeon then Primary surgeon – Ospedale di Pammatone di Genova
  • 1912 – l’Ordine dei Medici di Genova
  • 1921-1949 Primary surgeon at E.O. Ospedali Galliera di Genova
  • 1935-1937 President Rotary Club di Genova
  • Member of the Société Internationale de Chirurgie
  • Died on December 16, 1949

Medical Eponyms
Rolando Fracture – (1910)

Comminuted T- or Y-shaped intra-articular three-part fracture through the base of the first metacarpal (thumb) first described in 1910 by Rolando. Since Rolando’s original report of the Y pattern intra-articular fracture, the eponymous fracture has now come to include all multi-fragmentary intra-articular base of thumb metacarpal fractures.

In 1910, Rolando published ‘Fracture de la base du premier metacarpien‘ in which he reported the outcomes and treatment of twelve thumb metacarpal fractures in port workers. Two cases involved the diaphysis and in the other ten, the metacarpal base. Of the base fractures, two were extra-articular fractures; five Bennett fractures; and three were Y pattern intra-articular fractures. It was these previously undescribed Y pattern fractures that became the focus of his paper and the basis of hi eponym.

Il résulte de mes observations qu’il existe un type de fracture de la base du premier métacarpien, qui n’avait pas encore été décrit à ce que je sache. Cette fracture, que j’ai observé trois fois sur dix cas de fracture de la base, est consécutive à une violence qui agit suivant l’axe longitudinal du métacarpe; elle possède une forme en Y, ne peut pas se distinguer de la fracture de Bennett sans l’intervention radioscopique, et, comme celle-là, elle exige un traitement spécial.

Rolando 1910; 33: 304

I have found that there exists a type of fracture of the base of the first metacarpal that has not yet been described as far as I know. This fracture that I have noticed in 3 cases of 10 of base fractures follows an injury acting along the longitudinal axis of the metacarpal. It has a Y form and cannot be distinguished from a Bennett’s fracture without radiographic studies, and like the Bennetts’s fracture, it has to have a special kind of treatment.

Rolando 1910; 33: 304

Rolando fracture 1910
A, diaphyseal fragment; B, dorsal fragment; C, palmar fragment. Rolando fracture 1910

Controversies
  • Attended Università di Genova (1893-1896) and graduated with honors with full name Angelo Silvio Rolando da Carasco
  • Prof. (Angelo) Silvio Rolando son of Emanuele and Luigia Bianchetti born in Carasco on 29/05/1873 [OMCeO GE]

Major Publications

References

Biography

  • Personal correspondence: Dr Micaela Pagliano, Dirigente Ufficio Relazioni con il Pubblico. E.O. Ospedali Galliera. Translation: Luigi Boero e Francesca Ambrosini – 2018
  • Personal correspondence: Andrea Balba, Ordine provinciale dei Medici Chirurghi e degli Odontoiatri – 2018
  • Mostofi SB. Silvio Rolando. Who’s Who in Orthopedics. 2005: 289
  • Bibliography. Rolando, Silvio. WorldCat Identities

Eponymous terms


Cite this article as: Emma Bevan and Mike Cadogan, "Silvio Rolando," In: LITFL - Life in the FastLane, Accessed on January 21, 2022, https://litfl.com/silvio-rolando-eponym/.

Rolando Bennet fractures compared 1
Rolando Bennet fractures compared labelled
Bennet fracture and Rolando fracture comparison [drag slider to view labels]

eponym

the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | Twitter |

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