We are all familiar with Ethanol and maybe some of us wouldn’t have been conceived without it. However, in your tox patient it causes synergistic CNS depression and even on its own in large doses can be potentially lethal.
Funtabulously Frivolous Friday Five 158 – Just when you thought your brain could unwind on a Friday, some medical trivia FFFF.
An essential co-factor in the synthesis of clotting factors II, VII, IX and X. It is used for the reversal of coumadin-induced coagulopathy.
Sugammadex is used for reversal of the amino steroid neuromuscular blocking drugs rocuronium, vecuronium and pancuronium. It does not work on non-amino steroid neuromuscular blocking drugs (atracurium, cisatracurium and suxamethonium).
Succimer (DMSA) is an orally active metal chelator is used to treat heavy metal poisoning. In adults Succimer is used for symptomatic lead poisoning or in patients who are asymptomatic with levels >60 micrograms/dL (>2.9 micro mol/L). In paediatrics it is used for symptomatic lead poisoning or in patients who are asymptomatic with levels >45 micrograms/dL (>2.17 micro mol/L).
Sodium Thiosulfate enhances the endogenous cyanide detoxification capacity of the body. It is suitable to use alone in the treatment of mild to moderately severe cases of cyanide poisoning but should be used in conjunction with other antidotes such as hydroxocobalamin in severe cyanide toxicity.
Hyperosmolar sodium bicarbonate solutions are widely used in clinical toxicology both as an antidote to drugs that impair fast sodium channel function and as an alkalinising agent to manipulate drug distribution and excretion (salicylate and phenobarbitone). It is also used in profound metabolic acidosis with cyanide, isoniazid and toxic alcohol toxicity.
Sodium Calcium Edetate (EDTA) is an intravenous heavy metal chelating agent. EDTA is primarily used in the treatment of severe lead poisoning with or without lead encephalopathy or an asymptomatic/mildly symptomatic patient with a serum lead level >70 microgram/dL (3.38 micro mol/L).