Category Ventilation
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Selective Lung Ventilation

Selective Lung Ventilation involves the isolation of one lung from the other allowing independent ventilation. Usually performed with a double lumen tube (DLT); alternatives are the use of a univent tube or an endobronchial blocker
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

A-a gradient

A-a gradient is calculated as PAO2 – PaO2. A normal A–a gradient for a young adult non-smoker breathing air, is between 5–10 mmHg.
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Intubation and Mechanical Ventilation

INDICATIONS A – protection and patencyB – respiratory failure (hypercapnic or hypoxic), increase FRC, decrease WOB, secretion management/ pulmonary toilet, to facilitate bronchoscopyC – minimise oxygen consumption and optimize oxygen delivery (e.g. sepsis)D – unresponsive to pain, terminate seizure, prevent…