Category Antidote


Competitively blocks the formation of toxic metabolites in toxic alcohol ingestion by having a higher affinity for the enzyme Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ADH). Its chief application is in methanol and ethylene glycol ingestion, although it has been used with other toxic alcohols. Ethanol is now regarded as the second choice antidote in those countries with access to the specific ADH blocker, fomepizole.


Benztropine is the first line agent for the treatment of acute dystonic reactions. See how to administer and dose this drug.


Desferrioxamine is an effective iron chelator that is used to treat systemic iron toxicity or prevent the development of systemic toxicity following acute iron overdose. It should ideally be given before iron moves intracellularly and systemic toxicity develops.


This rarely used intramuscular chelator is the most toxic of all chelating agents, and is reserved for the treatment of severe poisoning from lead, inorganic arsenic and mercury, if possible EDTA or Succimer should be used instead.

Dicobalt edetate

Dicobalt edetate was developed as a cyanide antidote based on the known ability of cobalt to form stable complexes with cyanide.


Cyproheptadine is a histamine and serotonin antagonist with anticholinergic properties. It has been advocated for control of symptoms in mild-to-moderate serotonin syndrome.


Calcium – useful antidote for calcium channel blockers, hydrofluoric acid exposure to skin or systemic fluorosis, ethylene glycol (hypocalcaemia), hyperkalaemia and iatrogenic hypermagnesaemia.


Atropine is a competitive muscarinic antagonist, used to treat drug-induced bradycardia and poisoning by acetylcholinesterase inhibitors Organophosphate poisoning: Adult Dose = 1.2mg with further dosing every 2-3 mins, doubling the dose each time until there is drying of secretions. Paediatric…


Digoxin Immune Fab

Used for both the acute or chronic overdose. Typically this is from the pharmaceutical agent digoxin. Other cardiac glycosides such as Oleander can be treated with digoxin immune fab.
EBM Gone Wild sea 340

Stop peeing on it!

Many beach locations recommend the use of vinegar for jellyfish stings, and some go so far as to stock it at lifeguard(surf rescue) stations. But why did they decide to do that? Were there lots of studies performed?