History of the Development, and widespread adoption, of the Pulmonary Artery Catheter (PAC) or Swan-Ganz catheter
William Ganz (1919 – 2009) Slovakian-born American cardiologist. Co-invented the Swan-Ganz catheter with Jeremy Swan at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center 1970
Harold James Charles 'Jeremy' Swan (1922 – 2005) was an was an Irish cardiologist. Co-invented the Swan-Ganz catheter with William Ganz in 1970
Dickinson Woodruff Richards, Jr. (1895 - 1973) Nobel Laureate and celebrated American Physician. Famously known for his work in development of cardiac catherisation and physiology with André Frédéric Cournand and Werner Theodore Otto Forßman.
André Frédéric Cournand (1895 – 1988) was a French physician and physiologist. Awarded the Nobel Prize for detailing heart catheterization
Werner Theodore Otto Forßman (1904 - 1979) was a German Doctor, Nobel Laureate and a pioneer of interventional cardiology.
Pulmonary Artery Catheter aka Swan-Ganz catheter (or 'the yellow snake'); continuous cardiac output monitoring; pulmonary artery pressure and more...