Alban Köhler

Alban Köhler (1874–1947)

Alban Köhler (1874 – 1947) was a German Radiologist.

Köhler was a pioneer of radiology (first teleroentgenogram of the chest (CXR) in 1903)

Eponymously affiliated with Köhler disease (avascular necrosis of the navicular bone) as well as the first presentation of ‘Pellegrini-Stieda‘ lesion and Köhler disease II (Freiberg infraction)


  • Born 1 March 1874, Petsa, Thüringen
  • 1897 – Medical doctorate in Freiburg
  • 1898 – Studied pathology under Christian Georg Schmorl (1861-1932)
  • 1903 – Radiologist in Wiesbaden
  • 1905 – co-founder of the German Radiological Society (Die Deutsche Röntgengesellschaft e.V. (DRG))
  • 1912 – president of the 8th Roentgen Congress in Berlin
  • 1913 – Professor Radiology in Wiesbaden
  • Died 26 February 1947, Wiesbaden

Medical Eponyms

Köhler-Stieda-Pellegrini lesion (1905) [Pellegrini-Stieda disease]

Ossified post-traumatic lesions at (or near) the medial femoral collateral ligament adjacent to the margin of the medial femoral condyle. Alban Köhler reported a case of a 56-year-old male who injured his knee during piling of wood (1903, published 1905)

On the inner condyle proximal a small flat dark shadow, just visible on the radiograph, which can only correspond with a connective tissue ossification.

Plate VII, figure 12 p140

Köhler disease I (1908)

Rare, self-limiting, avascular necrosis (osteochondrosis) of the navicular bone in children.

Freiberg-Köhler disease [Köhler disease II] (1915, 1920)

Osteochondrosis of the metatarsal heads (typically the 2nd metatarsal head) characterized pathologically by subchondral bone collapse, osteonecrosis, and cartilaginous fissures

Major Publications


eponymictionary CTA


the person behind the name

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and informatics. Asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books | vocortex |

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