Eponymythology of named cardiac murmurs. Related eponyms, the person behind their origin, their relevance today, and modern terminology.
William Dock (1898-1990) American cardiologist, irascible visionary whose prophetic warnings bucked convention. Dock’s murmur, Dock’s Law
Richard Clarke Cabot (1868-1939) American physician – clinical haematology; pioneering approach to social work; Cabot-Locke murmur (1903)
Albert Frank Stanley Kent (1863 – 1958) was an English physiologist eponymously associated with the bundle of Kent, an alternative conduction pathway between the atria and ventricles, first described in 1913.
Carl Jakob Adolf Christian Gerhardt (1833 – 1902) was a German physician. Eponymously affiliated with a sign a law and a reaction
Duroziez-type murmur observed with the patients arm subjected to various temperatures of water and by applying a subdiastolic pressure below the auscultation site, to help differentiate between aortic insufficiency and peripheral vasodilatation.
Herrman Ludwig Blumgart (1895-1977) was an American physician, cardiologist and pioneer of diagnostic nuclear medicine. Blumgart-Ernstene murmur (1933)
Edwin Allen Locke (1874-1971) was an American Physician involved care and treatment of TB and pulmonary disease. Eponym: Cabot-Locke murmur (1903)
The Cabot-Locke murmur is an early diastolic murmur found in patients with severe anaemia. The murmur resolves with treatment of the anaemia. There is no functional valvular abnormality present.
Carey Coombs murmur: short mid-diastolic murmur with active rheumatic carditis and mitral-valve inflammation. 1907 Carey Coombs (1879-1932)