Category Eponymictionary
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Rovsing sign

Rovsing sign (1907): In acute appendicitis, palpation of the left lower quadrant may elicit pain in the right lower quadrant. Niels Thorkild Rovsing (1862-1927)
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Charles Bonnet syndrome

Charles Bonnet syndrome: Visual hallucinations in psychologically normal elderly people and most commonly associated in individuals with visual impairment .
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Kawasaki disease

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute self-limited febrile multisystem vasculitis of childhood of unknown aetiology in which coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) may develop in 15% - 25% of untreated cases.
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Capgras syndrome

Capgras syndrome: uncommon syndrome in which a patient has a delusional belief that a person, usually a family member or friend, has been replaced by an imposter.
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Simmonds-Thompson Test

Simmonds-Thompson Test for evaluating achilles tendon rupture. Also known as the Simmonds Test (F.A. Simmonds) or Thompson Test (T. Campbell Thompson)
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Whipple disease

Rare multi-system disorder secondary to chronic bacterial infection. Affecting the gastrointestinal tract most frequently. Chronic infection of the intestinal mucosa with the bacterium Tropheryma whipplei, leads to a lymphostasis; abdominal pain; malabsorption syndrome with diarrhea; and weight loss.
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Hoffmann-Tinel sign

Description Hoffmann-Tinel sign is paresthesia in the distal cutaneous distribution of an injured peripheral nerve evoked by tapping on the nerve more proximally. The sign indicates the compression or regeneration of peripheral nerve fibers. In modern parlance, the Tinel sign…
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Phalen sign

The Phalen test is performed by asking the patient to place both elbows on a table while keeping both forearms vertical and flexing both wrists at 90 degrees for 60 seconds. A positive test is defined as the occurrence of pain or paresthesias in at least one finger innervated by the median nerve.
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Joffroy sign

Joffroy sign (1893): absent wrinkling of the forehead when a patient in patients Graves Ophthalmopathy looks up with the head bent forwards.
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Cullen sign

Cullen sign: superficial bruising in the subcutaneous fat around the umbilicus. 1918 Thomas Cullen (1869-1953) ruptured ectopic pregnancy