Category Eponymictionary
Cotton fracture 340

Cotton fracture

Cotton fracture (trimalleolar fracture) described in 1915 by Frederic Jay Cotton (1869-1939); fracture of the ankle that involving the lateral malleolus, medial malleolus and distal posterior aspect of the tibia (posterior malleolus).
Murphy’s sign 340

Murphy’s sign

Murphy’s sign is elicited in patients with acute cholecystitis by asking the patient to take in and hold a deep breath while palpating the right subcostal area. John Benjamin Murphy (1903)
eponymythology appendicitis 340 2

Rovsing sign

Rovsing sign (1907): In acute appendicitis, palpation of the left lower quadrant may elicit pain in the right lower quadrant. Niels Rovsing and Emil S Perman (1904)
Schamroth sign 680

Schamroth sign

Schamroth sign. Simple sign to determine the presence of finger clubbing. One of the earliest signs of clubbing is obliteration of the Schamroth 'window'.
Shepherd fracture 680

Shepherd fracture

Sherpherd fracture: Posterior talar process fracture with injury to the lateral tubercle caused by inversion or extreme equinus (1882)
Cedell fracture 680

Cedell fracture

Cedell fracture (1974): Posterior talar process fracture with injury to the posteromedial tubercle caused by forced dorsiflexion and pronation