Category Ophthalmology
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Roth spots

Roth spots: Retinal haemorrhages with white or pale centres, commonly associated with subacute bacterial endocarditis and immune complex mediated vasculitis.
eponym LITFL 340

Moritz Roth

Moritz Roth (1839-1914) was a Swiss pathologist. He is eponymously associated with Roth spots (1872), which he first observed in the retina of patients with septicaemia.
Edwin Sterling Munson (1870-1958) 340

Edwin Sterling Munson

Edwin Sterling Munson (1870-1958) was an American ophthalmologist.Munson sign, a V-shaped indentation of the lower eyelid when the gaze is directed downwards, an indication that is characteristic of advanced keratoconus.

Marcus Gunn Pupil

Description Marcus Gunn Pupil: (AKA relative afferent pupillary defect or RAPD) A pupil that responds by constricting more to an indirect than to a direct light, seen with unilateral optic nerve or retinal disease, History 1902 First description by Robert…

Robert Marcus Gunn (1850 – 1909) 1200

Robert Marcus Gunn

Robert Marcus Gunn (1850 – 1909) was a Scottish Ophthalmologist. FAMOUS FOR Biography Born 1850 Culgower, Scotland 1868-1873 Studied at Edinburgh and St Andrews Universities. MA (1871); MB CM (1873); MRCS (1873) 1882 – FRCS Edinburgh 1907 – President of…

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821 – 1894)

Hermann von Helmholtz

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz (1821 – 1894) was a German physician and physicist. Helmholtz was a pioneer in the scientific study of human vision and hearing. He revolutionized the field of ophthalmology with the invention of the ophthalmoscope in…

William John Adie (1886 – 1935)

William John Adie

William John Adie (1886 – 1935) was an Australian neurologist. Best known for describing the tonically dilated pupil (Adie pupil) associated with absent deep tendon reflexes (Adie syndrome) and his description of narcolepsy

Adie syndrome

Holmes-Adie syndrome (aka Adie syndrome) affects the autonomic nervous system. Patients present with the pupil of one eye being larger and only slowly constricts in bright light (tonic pupil). There is also absence of deep tendon reflexes, usually the Achilles tendon.
Sir Gordon Morgan Holmes (1876 – 1965) 340

Gordon Morgan Holmes

Sir Gordon Morgan Holmes (1876 – 1965) was an Irish neurologist. The works of Gordon Holmes are often cited as having a foundational influence on our understanding of the clinical symptoms and signs of cerebellar lesions Biography Born 1876 Died…