Category General Surgery
Alfred Jean Fournier (1832-1914) 340

Jean Alfred Fournier

Alfred Jean Fournier (1832-1914) was a French Dermatovereologist specialising in congenital syphillis, stressing the importance of syphilis as a cause of degenerative diseases and parasyphilitic conditions.

Jean-Baptiste Hippolyte Dance

Biography Born 21 February 1797 Saint-Pal-de Chalencon, France Died of cholera on 18 April 1832 inParis Medical Eponyms Dance Sign (1826) sausage-like mass in the right upper quadrant with absence of bowel (or emptiness) in the right lower quadrant. The…

CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Acute Cholangitis

Acute or ascending cholangitis is a potentially life-threatening systemic infection resulting from inflammation and infection of the biliary tree due to bacterial growth in the bile, usually in the context of biliary obstruction
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Toxic megacolon

Toxic megacolon is colonic dilation (>6cm) with systemic toxicity, usually due to an acute colitis; can involve the whole colon or only one segment.
CCC Critical Care compendium 340


Ileus = absence of bowel motility; (1) dynamic ileus (2) spastic ileus (rare: porphyria or lead poisoning) (3) ischaemic ileus
CCC Critical Care compendium 340

Pyloric Stenosis

Pyloric Stenosis is a medial emergency that requires urgent fluid resuscitation and resolution of biochemical abnormalities. Definitive surgical treatment can then be undertaken to restore enteral nutrition.