Category General Surgery

Jean-Baptiste Hippolyte Dance

Biography Born 21 February 1797 Saint-Pal-de Chalencon, France Died of cholera on 18 April 1832 inParis Medical Eponyms Dance Sign (1826) sausage-like mass in the right upper quadrant with absence of bowel (or emptiness) in the right lower quadrant. The…

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George Bushar Markle IV

George Bushar Markle IV (1921 - 1999) was an American surgeon. Markle Sign (1973) or Heel Drop Jarring Test in patients with intraperitoneal inflammation
John Englebert Dunphy (1908-1981) Dunphy sign cough test appendicitis 340

John Englebert Dunphy

Dunphy sign [* cough test; coughing test ] increased abdominal pain, localised to the right lower quadrant, with coughing. Attributed to John Englebert Dunphy (1908-1981)
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Markle Sign

George Bushar Markle IV (1921 – 1999) was an American surgeon. Eponymously linked to the Markle Sign in appendicitis (1985)
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Ultrasound Case 089

A woman of 40 presents with intermittent RUQ pain and nausea. You try to find her gallbladder. Wall-echo-shadow (WES) sign
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Alvarado score

The Alvarado score is a 10 point score for predicting acute appendicitis (mnemonic MANTRELS). Alfredo Alvarado in 1986
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Bassler Sign

Anthony Bassler (1874-1959) was an American gastroenterologist. In 1913 he described Bassler sign: compressing the appendix to assist in diagnosing chronic appendicitis.
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Rigler sign

Radiographic sign of pneumoperitoneum. Air in the peritoneum and air within the intraluminal spaces outline the luminal and serosal surfaces of the bowel wall.
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Leo Rigler

Leo George Rigler (1896 - 1979) was an American radiologist. Eponymously affiliated with Rigler sign; Rigler triad (1941) Hoffman-Rigler sign (1965)
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Acute Cholangitis

Acute or ascending cholangitis is a potentially life-threatening systemic infection resulting from inflammation and infection of the biliary tree due to bacterial growth in the bile, usually in the context of biliary obstruction
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Toxic megacolon

Toxic megacolon is colonic dilation (>6cm) with systemic toxicity, usually due to an acute colitis; can involve the whole colon or only one segment.