Category General Surgery
Murphy’s sign 340

Murphy’s sign

Murphy’s sign is elicited in patients with acute cholecystitis by asking the patient to take in and hold a deep breath while palpating the right subcostal area. John Benjamin Murphy (1903)
eponymythology appendicitis 340 2

Rovsing sign

Rovsing sign (1907): In acute appendicitis, palpation of the left lower quadrant may elicit pain in the right lower quadrant. Niels Rovsing and Emil S Perman (1904)
Thomas sign AM Thomas Ogilvie 1955

Thomas sign

Thomas's sign: Silver, aluminium or metallic coloured stools. Caused by the combination of cholestatic (acholic) pale stools secondary to CBD obstruction and the black-tar colour malaena.