Middle-aged patient presenting with chest pain. Describe the ECG.
Describe and interpret this ECG
ECG ANSWER and INTERPRETATION
- Gross ST elevation in V1-3 (~ 5mm in V2).
- Convex ST elevation in I and aVL.
- Reciprocal ST depression and T wave inversion in the inferior leads (II, III, aVF).
Predicting the Site of LAD Occlusion
This ECG demonstrates some markers of a very proximal LAD occlusion, involving the two most proximal branches of the LAD — the first septal branch (S1) and the first diagonal branch (D1).
Signs of occlusion proximal to S1
Signs of basal septal involvement:
- New RBBB — occurs due to septal infarction
- ST elevation in V1 > 2.5 mm
- ST elevation in aVR
- ST depression in V5
Signs of occlusion proximal to D1
Signs of high lateral involvement:
- ST elevation in aVL
- Inferior reciprocal ST depression > 1 mm
This patient arrived by ambulance following an out-of-hospital VF arrest and was taken straight to the cath lab where he was found to have a complete ostial occlusion of his LAD.
A Common Pitfall
This STEMI pattern is occasionally missed, when clinicians erroneously attribute the ST segment changes in V1-3 to RBBB alone.
However, the two patterns are quite different:
- Typical RBBB will have ST depression and TWI in V1-3.
- Superimposed septal STEMI will lead to ST elevation, Q wave formation, loss of the initial R wave and inversion of only the terminal portion of the T wave.
RBBB + STEMI