Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov (Никола́й Ива́нович Пирого́в)(1810 - 1881) Russian surgeon, anesthetist and anatomist. 1854 Pirogov amputation
Sir Vincent Zachary Cope (1881 – 1974) was a British physician and surgeon. Eponymously linked with Cope Psoas test and obturator test.
Charles Heber McBurney (1845 – 1913) was an American surgeon. Most famous for McBurney's point (1889) and McBurney's incision (1894) Medical Eponym.
Dmitry Alekseyevich Arapov (Дмитрий Алексеевич Арапов) (1897 – 1984) was a Russian military surgeon. Arapov contracture in appendicitis
George Bushar Markle IV (1921 – 1999) was an American surgeon. Eponymously linked to the Markle Sign in appendicitis (1985)
Heinrich Wilhelm Gottfried Waldeyer-Hartz (1836 – 1921) was a German anatomist. Recognised as one of the forefathers of Anatomical science, Waldeyer's fascia and Waldeyer's ring are 2 of his more well known eponyms
Vladimir Mikhailovich Voskresensky Владимир Михайлович Воскресенский (1902 - 1951) was a Russian general surgeon.
Johann Heinrich Dräger (1847-1917) was a German entrepreneur, watchmaker and founder of the Drӓgerwerk company.
Archie Ian Jeremy Brain (1942 – ) British anaesthetist. Best known as the inventor of the laryngeal mask (LMA™)
Anthony Bassler (1874 - 1959) was an American gastroenterologist. Bassler sign (1913) appendicitis clinical examination
Léon Athanase Gosselin (1815–1887) was a French Surgeon associated with the Gosselin Fracture, a V-shaped distal tibia fracture extending to tibial plafond
Walter Arthur Bastedo (1873 - 1952) was a Canadian gastroenterologist. He is eponymously associated with Bastedo sign (1909) of chronic appendicitis.