Eponymythology associated with signs, symptoms, investigation and management of foot injuries. Review of related eponyms; the person behind the name; their relevance today; and modern terminology
Gosselin fracture: V-shaped fracture of the distal tibia that extends into the tibial pylon and divides it into an anterior and posterior fragment. Described 1855, published 1873
Léon Athanase Gosselin (1815–1887) was a French Surgeon associated with the Gosselin Fracture, a V-shaped distal tibia fracture extending to tibial plafond
James Syme (1799–1870) was a Scottish General Surgeon. The Syme ankle amputation attributed to him was a triumph of conservative surgery in the days where more proximal amputations had much higher mortality rates.
Frederic Jay Cotton (1869–1939) was an American Orthopedic Surgeon. Eponymously affiliated with the Cotton fracture (trimalleolar fracture) and Cotton-Loader position (hyper-flexed wrist with ulna deviation in closed reduction of distal radius fractures)
Leland Greene Hawkins (1933 - 1991) was an American orthopedic surgeon. Hawkins classification system for talar neck fractures (1970) revolutionized management and helped quantify the risk of progression to avascular necrosis
Thomas Geoffrey Barlow (1915 – 1975) British Orthopaedic surgeon. Barlow maneuver (Barlow test) screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants
Marino Ortolani (1904 – 1983) Italian pediatrician. Professor Marino Ortolani revolutionized the management of Italian pediatric wards. Ortolani Test CHD
Hawkins classification: Classification system for talar neck fractures. Hawkins originally described Types I-III in 1970 with Canale and Kelly adding Type IV in 1978
Osgood–Schlatter disease (OSD) Osteochondrosis or traction apophysitis of the tibial tubercle. Paget (1891), Osgood (1903), Schlatter (1903)
Köhler-Pellegrini-Stieda lesion: ossification near medial femoral collateral ligament adjacent to the margin of the medial femoral condyle.
François Chopart (1743 – 1795) was a French Surgeon. Eponymously associated with Chopart fracture-dislocation, Chopart joint and Chopart amputation.