James Syme (1799–1870) was a Scottish General Surgeon. The Syme ankle amputation attributed to him was a triumph of conservative surgery in the days where more proximal amputations had much higher mortality rates.
Leland Greene Hawkins (1933 - 1991) was an American orthopedic surgeon. Hawkins classification system for talar neck fractures (1970) revolutionized management and helped quantify the risk of progression to avascular necrosis
Thomas Geoffrey Barlow (1915 – 1975) British Orthopaedic surgeon. Barlow maneuver (Barlow test) screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants
Marino Ortolani (1904 – 1983) Italian pediatrician. Professor Marino Ortolani revolutionized the management of Italian pediatric wards. Ortolani Test CHD
Hawkins classification: Classification system for talar neck fractures. Hawkins originally described Types I-III in 1970 with Canale and Kelly adding Type IV in 1978
Osgood–Schlatter disease (OSD) Osteochondrosis or traction apophysitis of the tibial tubercle. Paget (1891), Osgood (1903), Schlatter (1903)
Köhler-Pellegrini-Stieda lesion: ossification near medial femoral collateral ligament adjacent to the margin of the medial femoral condyle.
François Chopart (1743 – 1795) was a French Surgeon. Eponymously associated with Chopart fracture-dislocation, Chopart joint and Chopart amputation.
Konrad Weiss (1891 - 1976) was an Austrian radiologist. Early descriptions of Müller-Weiss syndrome, the dissecting aortic aneurysm, and gastric torsion
Spontaneous, nontraumatic rotatory subluxation of the atlantoaxial joint following peripharyngeal inflammation or ENT surgical procedures
Köhler disease: rare, self-limiting, avascular necrosis (osteochondrosis) of the navicular bone in children. Described in 1908 by Alban Köhler (1874–1947)
Freiberg infraction: osteochondrosis of the metatarsal heads (typically the 2nd metatarsal head) described by Albert Freiberg in 1914, Alban Köhler in 1915