Blue Scrotum Sign of Bryant

Description

Bryant sign: Scrotal ecchymosis associated with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Extravasation of blood in the retroperitoneum may lead to non-traumatic discolouration beneath intact penile or scrotal epithelium. Ecchymosis typically appears within three to six days after AAA rupture

In order to be observed: blood must transverse the inguinal canal and spermatic cord down to the subcutaneous scrotal tissue. It requires a closed (retroperitoneal haematoma) or sealed (surrounding retroperitoneal and aortic tissue) rupture; slow rate of leakage and a prolonged interval prior to final rupture.


History of the Blue Scrotum Sign of Bryant

1903JH Bryant described scrotal ecchymosis associated with ruptured AAA during two lectures in which he had evaluated 18,678 necropsies and the 325 deaths secondary to abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture. [Clin Jour. 1903;23:71-80].

In these two articles Bryant correctly describes the diffuse nature of the atheromatous changes, the possible clinical presentation of AAA as apparent renal colic, and the scrotal and abdominal discolourations as diagnostic clues.

In one case blood was effused into the right spermatic cord, and the corresponding half of the scrotum was much ecchymosed…When blood is extravasated into the anterior abdominal wall ecchymoses may appear…

Bryant JH. Clin Jour. 1903;23:79

JH Bryant original description

Bryant-JH-Scrotal-sign-AAA-2
Clin Jour. 1903;23:79

Most recorded cases of Bryant’s sign occur three to six days after onset of abdominal symptoms as noted by Pearlman (1940), Barratt-Boyes (1957) and Beebe (1958)

1987RM Ratzan et al, identified the correct historical attribution of lower abdominal/scrotal discolouration secondary to aortic aneurysmal disease as belonging to John Henry Bryant.


Associated Persons

Alternative names
  • Bryant’s sign

References

Historical articles

Reference articles


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the names behind the name

Dr David Hudson MBBS, BSc (Health Science). General Surgical trainee with a passion for research and education.

Emergency physician MA (Oxon) MBChB (Edin) FACEM FFSEM with a passion for rugby; medical history; medical education; and asynchronous learning #FOAMed evangelist. Co-founder and CTO of Life in the Fast lane | Eponyms | Books |

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