Top 200 Drugs

Basic Pharmacology

Core information regarding the top 200 ACEM primary exam vivas relating to pharmacology.

This segment:

  • Covers 322 previous viva examination stations from 2003-2019
  • Uses the dedicated exam textbook, along with Australian practice guidelines, to cover key information in marking guides
  • Lists drugs in order of frequency of examination
  • The first 27 drugs cover 142 previous stations (i.e. 44% of previously examined material)
  • The four most commonly examined drugs are Ceftriaxone, Paracetamol, Propofol and Ketamine

Additional pages:


DRUGCLASSTOPIC
CeftriaxoneAntibioticABXCephalosporin, third generation cephalosporin, 3rd generation cephalosporin
ParacetamolAnaglesicANAGCOX
PropofolSedative-hypnoticNERVgreen urine, Sedative, hypnotic, anaesthetic, sleepy milk,
KetamineSedative-hypnoticNERVSedative, hypnotic, anaesthetic
FurosemideDiureticCVSFrusemide, lasix, loop diuretic
OndansetronAnti-emeticGITZofran
GentamicinAntibioticABXAminoglycoside, 30S ribosome, 30S ribosomal protein, nephrotoxicity, ototoxicity, acute tubular necrosis, ATN
Glycerol trinitrateVasodilatorCVSGTN, glycerine trinitrate, glyceryl trinitrate, nitroglycerin
AtropineAnticholinergicNERVAntimuscarinic
SalbutamolBronchodilatorRESPVentolin, asthma
DigoxinAntiarrhythmicCVS
Penicillin GAntibioticABXPenicillin ticarcillin, amoxicillin, augmentin, amoxycillin
WarfarinAnticoagulantCVSINR, vitamin K, bleeding
AmiodaroneAntiarrhythmicCVSClass III, QT, VT, VF, AF, SVT, action potential, AP, Class 3, CYP inhibitor
AzithromycinAntibioticABXMacrolide
CephazolinAntibioticABXCephalosporin, first generation, 1st generation
VerapamilAntiarrhythmicCVSCalcium channel blocker, antihypertensive, CCB
CefuroximeAntibioticABXCephalosporin, second generation, 2nd generation
CefepimeAntibioticABXCephalosporin, fourth generation, 4th generation
HeparinAnticoagulantCVSUFH
PhenytoinAnticonvulsantNERVSeizure
MorphineAnalgesicANAGAnalgesia, opiate
SuxamethoniumParalyticNERVSuccinylcholine
DexamethasoneCorticosteroidENDOSteroid
Tricyclic AntidepressantsAntidepressantNERVTCA, Amitriptyline, Clomipramine, Imipramine
AdenosineAntiarrhythmicCVS
PantoprazoleProton Pump InhibitorGITSomac, PPI
MidazolamBenzodiazepineNERVSedative, anticonvulsant, seizure
LithiumMood stabiliserNERV
ValproateAnticonvulsantNERVSeizure
CarbamazepineAnticonvulsantNERVMood stabiliser, seizure
ClonazepamBenzodiazepineNERVSeizure
MetoclopramideAnti-emeticGITMaxolon, Reglan, Primperan
TheophyllineMethylxanthineRESPAsthma
NitroprussideAntihypertensiveCVSVasodilator
RocuroniumParalyticNERVanaesthesia, anaesthetic, sugammadex, RSI, rapid sequence induction
ClopidogrelAntiplateletCVS
RivaroxabanAnticoagulantCVSDirect oral anticoagulant, DOAC, xarelto
MetoprololBeta-blockerCVSAntihypertensive
PropranololAntiarrhythmicNERVBeta blocker, beta-blocker
LignocaineAntiarrhythmicNERVLidocaine, local anaesthetic
SotalolAntiarrhythmicCVSAntiarrhythmic, beta blocker, beta-blocker, betablocker
RamiprilACE-inhibitorCVSAntihypertensive, anti-hypertensive, angiotensin converting enzyme
CaptoprilACE-inhibitorCVSAntihypertensive, anti-hypertensive, angiotensin converting enzyme
IrbesartanAntihypertensiveCVSAngiontensin II receptor blocker, ATII blocker, antihypertensive, ARB, candesartan, lorsartan, valsartan, olmesartan
PrazosinAntihypertensiveCVSAlpha-1 receptor blocker, alpha-blocker
Thrombolytic agentsThrombolyticCVStPA, tissue plasminogen activator, streptokinase, alteplate, reteplase, tenectaplase, urokinase
HydrochlorothiazideDiureticCVSThiazide diuretic, HCT
MannitolDiureticCVSOsmotic diuretic
AcetazolamideDiureticCVSCarbonic anhydrase inhibitor, CAI, mountain sickness, altitude sickness
DiazepamBenzodiazepineNERVValium, alcohol withdrawal, etoh
BupivacaineLocal anaestheticNERVLA, nervous system
VecuroniumParalyticNERVanaesthesia, anaesthetic, sugammadex, RSI, rapid sequence induction
ThiopentoneBarbiturateNERV
Nitrous OxideInhaled anaestheticNERVNO
PancuroniumParalyticNERVneuromuscular blockade, anaesthesia
PrilocaineLocal anaestheticNERV
EthanolEthanolNERVAlcohol, ETOH
NoradrenalineVasopressorCVS
MetaraminolVasopressorCVS
AdrenalineVasopressorCVS
OlanzapineAntipsychoticNERVSGA, second generation antipsychotic, weight gain, thienobenzodiazepine
ChlorpromazineAntipsychoticNERVFGA, phenothiazine, first generation antipsychotic
HaloperidolAntipsychoticNERVFGA, butyrophenone, first generation antipsychotic, EPS, extrapyramidal
BenztropineAnticholinergicNERV
SumatriptanSerotonin agonistNERVMigraine, 5-HT, 5HT
FlecainideAntiarrhythmicCVS
LevodopaDopamine precursorNERVL-dopa
FluoxetineSelective serotonin reuptake inhibitorNERVSSRI, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, antidepressant
AciclovirAntiviralAVXAcyclovir
OseltamivirAntiinfluenzaAVXAntiviral, influenza, zanamivir
ChloramphenicolAntibioticABX
CiprofloxacinAntibioticABXFluoroquinolone
DoxycyclineAntibioticABXTetracycline
FlucloxacillinAntibioticABXPenicillin, dicloxacillin
ErythromycinAntibioticABXMacrolide
NorfloxacinAntibioticABXFluoroquinolone
MetronidazoleAntibioticABXAntiprotozoal, parasite, anaerobe, anaerobic bacteria
TrimethoprimAntibioticABXFolate
VancomycinAntibioticABX
AspirinAntiplateletCVSAnalgesia, analgesic, antiinflammatory, anti-inflammatory, COX
FentanylAnalgesicANAGAnalgesia, opiate
IbuprofenAntiinflammatoryANAGNSAID, anti-inflammatory, analgesia, analgesic
OxycodoneAnalgesicANAGOpiate, analgesia, endone
ColchicineAntiinflammatoryMISCGout, anti-inflammatory
GlucagonDiabeticENDODiabetes, DM
HydrocortisoneCorticosteroidENDOSteroid
MetforminDiabeticENDODiabetes, DM
OctreotideMiscellaneousENDOSomatostatin analogue, varices, varice
GliclazideDiabeticENDODiabetes, DM
MagnesiumElectrolyteELECMg, antiarrhythmic
Compound Sodium LactateIntravenous fluidFLUIDIV, intravenous, CSL, Hartmann, Hartmann's
Normal SalineIntravenous fluidFLUIDIV, intravenous, NS
FlumazenilBenzodiazepine antagonistTOX
N-Acetyl CysteineMiscellaneousTOXNAC, paracetamol, panadol
NaloxoneOpioid antagonistTOXOpiate, opioid
MethanolAlcoholTOXAlcohol, ethanol, poisoning, fomepizole
RifampicinAntibioticABXTB, tuberculosis, antituberculosis, mycobacteria
InsulinDiabeticENDODiabetes, DM
CalciumElectrolyteELECCa
ErythropoietinMiscellaneousCVSEPO
Vitamin KMiscellaneousCVSWarfarin
Trimethoprim-SulfamethoxazoleAntibioticABXbactrim
Pharm 101 700

Pharmacology 101

Top 200 drugs

This segment is not a comprehensive review of the relevant drugs and is not a clinical practice guideline.