Francis John Murphy (1900 - 1972) was an American anesthesiologist. Murphy Endotracheal Tube and the Murphy eye (1941)
Bier Block; Intravenous regional anaesthesia (IVRA) provides a simple, safe technique for various surgeries on the upper and lower limbs. First performed by Bier in 1908 and fell into disuse
Archie Ian Jeremy Brain (1942 – ) British anaesthetist. Best known as the inventor of the laryngeal mask (LMA™)
Arthur Ernest Guedel (1883 – 1956) was an American anesthesiologist. Guedel Oropharyngeal airway and classification system
Thomas Philip Ayre (1901-1979) was an English anaesthetist. Ayre is most well-known for his eponymous T-piece, a device which revolutionised anaesthesia for babies and children.
William Ganz (1919 – 2009) Slovakian-born American cardiologist. Co-invented the Swan-Ganz catheter with Jeremy Swan at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center 1970
Harold James Charles 'Jeremy' Swan (1922 – 2005) was an was an Irish cardiologist. Co-invented the Swan-Ganz catheter with William Ganz in 1970
Sir Ivan Whiteside Magill (1888 – 1986) was an Irish Anaesthetist. Epomnymously affiliated with various anaesthetic devices such as the Magill forceps
Henry Hill Hickman (1800 – 1830) was an English physician, country doctor and discoverer of inhalation anaesthesia
B. Raymond Fink (1914 – 2000) was an American anesthesiologist. Fink effect (1955): diffusion anoxia/hypoxia or the third gas effect; Fink Laryngoscope Blade (1958); Fink Non-rebreathing Valve (1954)
Francis Rynd (1801 – 1861) was an Irish physician. Arguably the inventor of the hypodermic needle, performing and recording the results of the first hypodermic injection on June 3rd 1844.
The Mallampati Score is a grading system based on the visualisation of the pharyngeal structures during laryngoscopy. A study of 210 patients confirmed the degree of difficulty in seeing three pharyngeal structures (uvula, soft palate and faucial pillars) as an accurate predictor of difficulty when using direct laryngoscopy.