Dmitry Alekseyevich Arapov (Дмитрий Алексеевич Арапов) (1897 – 1984) was a Russian military surgeon. Arapov contracture in appendicitis
Authors eponymously associated with abdominal signs, symptoms, investigation and management of appendicitis
Vladimir Mikhailovich Voskresensky Владимир Михайлович Воскресенский (1902 - 1951) was a Russian general surgeon.
Nicholas Alders (1904 - 1995) was a Hungarian born, Austrian trained, English naturalised obstetrician, gynaecologist and surgeon. Remembered for his description of Alders sign (1951)
Walter Arthur Bastedo (1873 - 1952) was a Canadian gastroenterologist. He is eponymously associated with Bastedo sign (1909) of chronic appendicitis.
Allen Oldfather Whipple (1881-1963) American surgeon. Eponym: Whipple procedure (1936) pancreaticoduodenectomy and Whipple triad (1938)
George Hoyt Whipple (1878-1976) was an American physician, pathologist and medical researcher. 1934: Nobel Prize. Whipple disease (1907)
Murphy’s sign is elicited in patients with acute cholecystitis by asking the patient to take in and hold a deep breath while palpating the right subcostal area. John Benjamin Murphy (1903)
Rebound tenderness test (Blumberg sign) initially described in 1907 by Jacob Moritz Blumberg (1873 – 1955), German surgeon and gynaecologist.
Piotr Porfiryevich Sitkovskiy (Петр Порфирьевич Ситковский) (1882 – 1933) was a Russian surgeon. Sitkovskiy sign (1922) appendicitis
Adriaan van den Spiegel (1578 – 1625) was a Flemish anatomist and botanist. Spigelian hernia - hernia of the Spiegelian fascia [Hernia de la ligne semilunaire de Spiegel; Spiegel hernia]
Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682 – 1771) Italian physician, anatomist and pathologist. Morgagni correlated postmortem pathology and clinical findings