Category Ophthalmology
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The Red Eye Challenge

Things are humming along nicely in the ‘Fast track’ area of the emergency department. You check the triage note of the next patient – RED EYE is written capitals.
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Befuddling Pupillary Asymmetry

A medical student on your team asks you to review an 81 year-old female who speaks little English. She was BIBA to the ED following a fall. Her nursing home transfer sheet says that the fall was witnessed: she tripped and there was no loss of consciousness. The student is concerned that the patient’s right pupil is fixed and slightly dilated in the presence of facial abrasions. Facial views have been ordered.
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Graves disease

Graves disease: Autoimmune disease that affects the thyroid. A form of hyperthyroidism manifesting the triad of goitre, exophthalmos and pretibial myxoedema.
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Paul Julius Moebius

Paul Julius Möbius (1853-1907) was a German neurologist specialist in neuroanatomy and neurological disorders. Möbius sign, syndrome, disease
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Argyll Robertson pupils

A reflex iridoplegia characterized by small, irregular, unequal pupils, with near-light dissociation; absence of a miotic reaction to both direct and consensual light with preservation of the accommodation reflex. Classically associated with neurosyphilis.