Category Eponymictionary
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Aaron sign

Aaron sign: referred pain felt in the epigastrium upon continuous firm pressure over McBurney's point, indicative of chronic appendicitis (1913) by Charles Dettie Aaron (1866-1951)
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West syndrome

West Syndrome (Infantile Spasms) - Triad of infantile spasms, developmental delay and hypsarrhythmia on EEG. First described by William James West on his son in 1841
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Gissane angle

Gissane Angle [aka *critical angle; critical angle of Gissane], like the Böhler angle, can be used to help determine the presence of a calcaneus fracture on a radiograph.
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Böhler angle

Böhler angle. The angle between line from highest point of anterior process to highest point of posterior facet plus line tangential to superior edge of tuberosity; measured on lateral foot x-ray. Normally 20-40°. If < 20° represents a calcaneal fracture
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Dunphy sign

Dunphy sign [* cough test; coughing test ] increased abdominal pain, localised to the right lower quadrant, with coughing. Attributed to John Englebert Dunphy (1908-1981)

Hallervorden-Spatz Disease

Description Rare autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder associated with iron accumulation in the brain nuclei and characterized by progressive extrapyramidal dysfunction and dementia. by dystonia, parkinsonism, and iron accumulation in the brain History Associated Persons Julius Hallervorden (1882–1965) Hugo Spatz (1888…
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Scimitar Syndrome

Scimitar Syndrome: Classically, there is displacement of the cardiac silhouette to the right; a small right lung; with a prominent curved ('scimitar') vein draining the right lung to the inferior vena cava (IVC). The majority of cases are manifest on the right side.
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Lindsay nails

Are characterised by a sharply demarcated nail bed change – the proximal portion of each nail bed as whitish and the distal portion red, pink, or brown. In addition to the nail-bed change, there may also be associated the presence…
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Pel-Ebstein fever

Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History 1885 – Pieter Klazes Pel first described this phenomenon in Berliner klinische Wochenschrift. A 25-year-old paper maker died after a four-month illness, in which five 10-30 day episodes of fever, each…
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Howship-Romberg sign

Description Pain and paraesthesia along the inner (medial) aspect of the thigh, down to the knee; and pain on internal rotation of the hip along the distribution of the obturator nerve. Caused by compression of the obturator nerve most commonly…