Category Eponymictionary
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Gowers sign

Physical examination finding seen in patients with proximal weakness of the extensor muscles of the thighs and is most often associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
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Lachman Test

Lachman test is a clinical test used to diagnose injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Eponymised to John W Lachman, first described by GC Noulis

Roser-Nélaton line

Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History of the Roser-Nélaton line Nélaton’s line (Roser-Nélaton line) Associated Persons Auguste Nélaton (1807 – 1873) Wilhelm Roser (1817 – 1888) Alternative names Name Name Controversies Did they first describe or popularise or…

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History 1888 – Senile rheumatic gout – William Bruce (1835 – 1920) – Senile rheumatic gout 1936 – Secondary fibrositis 1945 – Peri-extraarticular rheumatism – Holst and Johansen 1945 – Periarthrosis humeroscapularis…

Clinical Signs in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Description There are many signs and symptoms used in the evaluation of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Some finding may findings modestly increase or decrease the probability of carpal tunnel syndrome Clinical Signs Hoffmann-Tinel sign (1915) Phalen sign (1950) Katz Hand diagram…
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Peutz-Jeghers syndrome

Peutz-Jeghers-syndrome: A Syndrome gastrointestinal polyposis characterized by specific melanin pigmentations of the skin and mucous membranes
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Fleischner sign

Fleischner sign: prominent dilated central pulmonary artery. Enlargement can be associated with massive embolus enlarging the luminal diameter of the proximal artery in the acute setting; or pulmonary hypertension in the subacute to chronic setting
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Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

Description What is the actual eponymous medical sign/syndrome/repair/classification… History 1849 – Swedish physician Magnus Huss published a series of case descriptions under the title Alcoholismus chronicus. Huss tried to show that various types of symptoms could be distinguished: neural symptoms, in particular sensory-motor…
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Palla sign

Palla sign (1983) right descending pulmonary artery enlargement and 'sausage-shaped' appearance as a potential sign of pulmonary embolism on chest XR
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Hampton hump

The Hampton hump is a well-defined pulmonary pleural based opacity representing hemorrhage and necrotic lung tissue in a region of pulmonary infarction caused by acute pulmonary embolism.